Selection and registration of Domain name is the first step of getting a website online. A domain name is an online address of a business or website such as xyz.com that use to open a particular website via a browser. Actually website domain names are pointers to a specific IP address (Internet Protocol Address) and we make use of domain names instead of IP because they are very easy to keep in mind as compare to a series of numbers.Each and every websites have an unique IP address such as 223.227.
102.132. The DNS (domain name system) convert these numbers into website names xyz.com. All website domain names are registered in a central registry maintained by The Network Information Center also known as InterNIC, a division of ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) a nonprofit organization which accredits domain name registrars or companies. The first and foremost step in the process of registering a domain name is the selection of it. The name of a domain can be just about anything you wish, but from the business point of view it should describe the nature and purpose of your website. For example if you are in the business of car selling, you should have a domain name related cars for example carselling.
com.There are few rules for domain name selection, like only letters, numbers and hyphens are allowed in it. Apart from this, a domain name should consist of minimum 3 characters and no more than 63 character, but it is always recommended to keep your domain as short and simple as possible. A website Domain name can be in upper case or lower case. There are numerous extensions available for domains. The most popular and widely used extension is .com. Other domain extensions include .
edu (Educational institutes), .biz (for business sites), .info (informational websites), .org (for organisations) and .net (for network service providers).
In addition there are many country specific extension such as .in (India), .us (United States), .ca (Canada) or .
uk (United Kingdom). There are few different rules for country specific domains so it is recommend to check with your domain registrar to see if these extension are available to you or not.Before assigning to some all domain names must be registered with a domain registration company that has been accredited by ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers).
There are numerous of domain registrars on the web and domain registration charges vary significantly. You can find the complete list of registrars here at the InterNIC’s website. (http://www.internic.net/regist.
html). Even though these registrars are closely monitored, these registrars are allowed to sell their solution via third party sites, so you will find many web hosting firms providing website domain name registration solution. If you buy domain from third-parties then you will have to some extra money.A Domain name can be registered for minimum of 1 year and you cannot have a domain for lifetime, although you are allowed to buy a domain for up to ten years. It is always recommended to register a domain for longer duration because the longer the registration duration, the lower the cost. So if you think you are on the web for considerable period you can get benefit of longer domain registration period. If you have multiple domains you can even save more money by registering them with same registrar because many registrar offers more discounts on bulk domain registration.
2ND STEP – WEBSITE HOSTING (HOSTING A WEBSITE)Now you own your domain name. So what’s next? You need a service which is known as website hosting to get your website up and running. A web hosting is a service providing space on the web for websites. This information contains login details such as passwords to sign into your hosting account, paths to directories where the files and data of your site should be uploaded, and above all, what your DNS (domain name servers) are.DNS (Domain name servers) create a connection between the website domain name (xyz.com) and IP address (Internet Protocol). The IP address as discussed earlier is a set up numbers such as: 223.
227.102.132. Each and every server has its specific IP number which, in the situation of dedicated servers hosting account a single website domain, is equal to the domain name.
Websites hosted on dedicated server hosting environment can be acknowledge to IP like 223.227.102.
132 or xyz.com by serving the demand webpage.Most of the situations websites are hosted on shared web servers. Hosting a website Shared server means that one single server is assigned to multiple web pages and each website have the same IP (Internet Protocol).
If you enter shared IP address in the browser mostly you will be redirected to your hosting providers website or you will see an error message. Therefore DNS (Domain Name System) is much required for websites hosted on shared server platforms. Furthermore Domain names are the one and only method to urge these websites because it’s not possible to urge these websites with the help of IP address.Configuration of DNSWhen you buy a domain name for your website, your domain name will be registered on the Domain Name System of the domain registrar. Till the time you choose a website host for it, your domain registration provider will mostly redirect it to an error page. Keep in mind that there is no time frame between buying a domain name for your site and finding a web host. There are many people buy domains without any business intention. But there are many other people purchase a domains with the purpose of using it for personal or business use.
In order to use you need to register with a web host because you need hosting service to make your website accessible on the Web (World Wide Web).Process of DNS configuration looks similar to this: Primary DNS Server: NS1.UpdatedReviews.in (104.00.00.00)Secondary DNS Server: NS2.UpdatedReviews.in (000.00.00.0)