Shirley soldiers, convincing them to seize power and


HIS 113
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12, 2017

“Let us not be
deceived — we are today in the midst of a cold war.”

The Cold War was a rivalry that developed after World
War II within the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies. The Cold War was based on
political, economic, and had only limited recourse to weapons. Which I would be
going over what led to the Cold War from 1917-1948 from the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, Germany invading poland

The events leading up started with the Bolshevik Revolution
(Russian Civil war) in Russia that occurred in Oct 1917 (Pre World War II). The
Bolshevik party was members
of a faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ Party and were led by Lenin, seized
control of the government in Russia. The
Bolshevik party  tried to educate the
workers and soldiers, convincing them to seize power and land for themselves.

First, the Provisional Government ordered a big war that ended up in ruin, with
thousands being killed. In early October, Lenin convinced the Bolshevik Party
to form an immediate rebellion against the Provisional Government. One of the
party forces was the Red Guard that stormed the Winter Palace which made the Provisional
Government officially fall to under Bolshevik regime.

The USSR (Soviet Union) was formed in December 1922
as the union of the Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Transcaucasian Soviet
republic ruled by the Bolshevik parties. The USSR stands for the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics. In 1933 the United States and the Soviet Union established diplomatic
relations. The United States had broken off diplomatic relations with Russia in
December 1917, after the Communist Bolshevik Party seized power and refused to
honor its debts to foreign countries. The main reasons surrounding the
establishment of relations included the settling of Soviet debts and the legal
status of Americans living in the Soviet Union.

Secondly, in 1939 Germany and
Russia invaded Poland.

German forces attack Poland on land and from the air, as Adolf Hitler seeks to
regain lost territory and ultimately rule Poland. World War II had begun, The
German invasion of Poland was a key on how Hitler intended to wage war. This
was categorized by majot bombing early on to destroy the enemy’s air capacity,
railroads, and communication lines, followed by a massive land invasion with tremendous
numbers of troops, tanks, and artillery. At
the beginning of spring of 1945, the Soviets were approaching the German
capital of Berlin from the east and the Western Allies were approaching Germany
from the west. Realizing that defeat was forthcoming, Hitler commits
suicide on April 30, 1945, leaving Donitz to carry out the surrender of the
Nazis. On May 7, 1945, Germany signed a surrender at Allied headquarters,
ending World War II.

Truman Doctrine was the name given to a policy announced by US on
March 12th, 1947. The Truman Doctrine was a warning clearly
made to the USSR
that the USA would
interfere to support any nation that was being threatened by a takeover by an
armed subgroup. During the war
conferences, Stalin had made it clear that he would allow free elections in the
east European countries previously occupied by Nazi forces and that had been liberated by the Red Army in its
drive to Berlin. He wanted to put what Churchill was to call an “Iron
Curtain” around the USSR and that
meant each eastern European country that was near to the Soviet border had to
have a communist government in power with leaders who would do what Stalin
wished. Therefore,  Poland, Hungary,
Bulgaria and Rumania all ended up with
communist governments and had leaders who looked to Moscow for advice as
opposed to the people of the country they governed. The Truman Doctrine was to set the tone for US
foreign policy throughout the world post-March 1947.


Thus, it is necessary to say
that the Cold War was an important international conflict, which was based on
different locations and social positions. The significance of the Cold War was
both the United States and the USSR were founded on the ideas aimed at
improvement of human lives. However, different approaches to economy and social
development led to the conflict between two powers. The Cold War helped to
shape Modern World, providing massive opportunities for economic and social
development of the nations. The collapse of the USSR and the end of the cold
war happen in 1989.



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