STUDY assume that school environment may affect the

STUDY OF MENTAL HEALTH OF 10TH CLASS

STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR ACADEMIC

ACHIEVEMENT AND SELF-ESTEEM

 

 

                                           A Synopsis                                                  

                                         SUBMITTED TO

                                INDIRA
GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY

 

for Partial Fulfillment of reqirements for

The Degree of

MASTER DEGREE PROGRAMME IN PSYCHOLOGY

(MAPC)

 

Supervisor                                                Submitted by

Dr. Seema Bajaj                                                     
          Pawanpreet  kaur

Academic Councilor                                                          Enrollment
No.161160372

 

 

 

 

IGNOU
STUDY CENTRE: 2206

GURU
NANAK GIRLS COLLEGE,MODEL TOWN ,LUDHIANA

 

STUDY OF MENTAL HEALTH P OF 10TH
CLASS STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS AND SELF ESTEEM 

     

1.1  MENTAL HEALTH

 

INTRODUCTION: Mental health is a global term ,which refers to that conditioning of an
individual which results from the normal organization and functioning of his
mind . The role of mental health in human life is very important as it plays
its role not only in the lives of individual , but also in the life of
societies .The term mental health represents a variety of human aspiration
rehabilitations of mentally disturbed, preventions of mental health ,reduction
of tension in a conflict ladder world and attainment of a state of well being
in which the individual function at a level consistent with his mental and
physical potentials  

 

MEANING: Generally the word ‘Health’ is used for denoting physical health of an
individual. This is because up to recent past, the concept of mental health was
not even thought of. The concept of mental health has been evolved due to
increase in the knowledge of human psychology. Mental health, therefore is new
concept which means sound health and healthy mind. A sound mental health is
very important aspect of personality .A child remains in the school for 6-7
hours away from home So, facilitating school environment will help the child in
proper development of personality .Hence we assume that school environment may
affect the mental health of child

 

DEFINITIONS

·       
According to World Health Organization

Mental health is defined as a state of well
being in which every individual realizes his or her potential , can cope with
the normal stresses of life , can work productivity and fruitfully and is able
to make a contribute to his or her community.

 

·       
According to Whitehead

Mental health appears as an attribute of a
mature human personality and as asocial value to be guarded and maintained
through purposeful disordered and conflicts.

 

·        
According to Britanica

Mental health the broader sense suggests degree
of happiness and satisfactory under conditions that warrant such a state of
mind and capacity for making satisfactory personal and social relationships.

 

FACTORS
OF MENTAL HEALTH :

 

1.      HEREDITARY
FACTORS:  Theses includes the traits of personality ,
characteristics’ ,disease and so on.

2.      PHYSICAL
FACTORS:  Diseases ,injuries and other physical problems
often contribute to poor health and some time mental illness.

3.      SOCIAL
FACTORS: Millions of
individuals will be affected by poor mental health at some time during their
lives and through anyone can experience these problems from certain backgrounds
and social situations who are at a significantly greater risk.

4.      SATISFACTION
OF BASIC NEEDS : These
lead to physical health ,social well being ,and other basic things related to
their own.

 

 

 

1.2
ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

 

INTRODUCTION:

 Education plays a paramount and significant
role in building up society in modern age a society cannot achieve the aims of
economic the aims of economic growth and development that are the pillars of a
count .Academic achievement is one of the most important goals of education.
The success of a failure of a student of failure of a student in terms of
academic achievement .Academic 
achievement is a unique, prime and perennial responsibility of a school
or any other educational institution established by the society to promote a
wholesome academic growth and development of a child .It is common observation
that success in the academic serve as an emotional tonic and any damage done to
a child in the home or neighborhood may be partially repaired by the success in
school .High achievement in school builds self esteem and self confidence .

 

 

MEANING:

The
term academic achievement has been derived from the word ‘academy ‘. The
meaning of the term ‘academy’ is a school where special types of instructions
are imparted . Academic achievement is the core of term educational growth and
perhaps none would deny the importance of academic achievement in child’s life
. Achievement is thus in broader sense is customary for schools and colleges to
be concerned to a greater
extent
with the development of knowledge understanding and acquisition of skills

Academic
achievement  generally refers to the
scores obtained in the annual examination or refers to the degree or level or
success or proficiency attained in same specific area concerning scholastic ar
academic work .It refers to the knowledge obtained and skills developed in
different subjects during the course of an academic year .The students are
provided feedback and motivation to work hard .Despite varied statements about
the aims of education ,the academic achievement of a pupil continues to be a
primary concern and the most important goal of education .

 

Definitions:

Ø According to L.R .Hawes’s Concise
Dictionary of  education:

The word ´academic ´means referring to the
institutional system of formal education within a school ,college or
university, theoretical and not a practical importance ,a scholarly person who
works in higher education .

 

Ø According to Hawes and Hawes:

Defined achievement as successful accomplishment or
performance in a particular subject ,area or course ,usually by reasons of
skills , hardwork and intrest ,typically summarized in various types of grades
,marks scores or descriptive commentary .

 

Ø According to Crow and Crow:

Academic achievement is the extent to which learner
is profiting from instruction in given area of learning .

 

 

1.3 
SELF ESTEEM:

 

INTRODUCTION:

 

Self
esteem reflects a person´s overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or
her worth  .It is a judgement of oneself
as well as an attitude toward the self .Self esteem encompasses beliefs about
oneself . Self esteem is attractive as a social psychological construct because
researchers have conceptualized. Its as an influential predictor of certain
outcomes such as academic achievement ,happiness , satisfaction in marriage and
relationships and criminal behavior .self esteem may make people convinced they
deserve happiness .Understanding this is fundamental ,and universally
beneficial ,since the development of positive self esteem increases the
capacity to treat other people with respect ,benevolence and goodwill ,thus favouring
rich interpersonal relationships and avoiding destructive ones .

 

MEANING:

Self
esteem is not something we are born with or without ,rather it largely  an acquired trait we can improve  because self esteem resides largely within
ourselves ultimately we have the power to change it .Although , people´s
reaction may influence our self esteem through both and social comparison we
are the final authority on our self worth .

 

DEFINITON :

Ø According to Blascovich and Tomaka

Self esteem is a widely used concept both in popular
language and in psychology .it refers to an individual´s sense of his or her
value or worth ,or the extent to which a person value ,approves of, appreciates
prizes or likes him or herself.

 

TYPES OF SELF ESTEEM :

 

1.
Low Self Esteem : A person who has a poor belief in
both their sef worth and competence .They basically have constant feelings of
insecurity ,are very cautious ,timid, have poor initiative , avoid conflict and
suffer with a lot of anxiety and depression.

2 .High self esteem : A
person who has good belief in their competence and worth .They generally feel
good about themselves ,are open to new experience, feel accepted ,and are
pleasant to be around. They have high competencies level which means they have
the skill set to succeed in life and show good mental health

3. Worthiness based self esteem
: The individuals
who fit into this quadrant base their self esteem on how others view them and
how they view themselves .They make up for their perceived lack of competence
by denying shortcomings ,minimizing failures and surrounding themselves with
people who accept them .

4 .Competence based self esteem :
These
individuals measure how they feel about themselves by their achievements and
successes .They compensate for their lack of worth by exaggerating the
importance of their successes.

 

 

 

 

1.4 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE:

·        
Studies
related with mental health among adolescents :

 

ü Miech et. al .(2005)
studied “The educational disparities caused by mental health persist through
life “.This longitudinal study assessed mental health status of children
(13-18years ). The findings concluded that those who did not complete high
school were more likely to have symptoms of mental illness at both points in
time compared to those who did complete high school.

 

ü  Wood (2006)    Conducted descriptive study
on Self disclosure  as  related to mental health and found that there
is no significant relationship between self disclosure and mental health of
adolescents.

 

ü  Otto wahl et. al.(2009) investigated
middle school students to assess the knowledge and attitudes about mental  health .Self report questionnaire were used
in  pilot study to create an assessment
tool for juvenile samples .The findings were the students knowledge about mental
health was inconsistent and the attitudes was positive but substantial no. of
students had less favorable attitudes .

 

ü  Bharath  k. (2011) conducted study
on the assessment of mental health of Indian adolescents studying in urban
schools by using descriptive design .  Sample
of 500 adoloscents were used in this study SDQ(strengths
and difficulties questionnaire ) , which is user friendly screening
questionnaire which can be use to assess
behavioural  problems and mental health. The result showed
that mental health problems are common among the school adolescents .

 

 

 

 

 

 

ü STUDIES RELATED TO ACADEMIC
ACHIEVEMENT:

 

 

ü Kaisnath (2003)  Studied the interactive
effect of mental health and socio economic status on academic achievement with
the objective to find out the difference among students who were  well adjusted and mal adjusted to school
environment differ in their academic achievement by taking the sample of  200 students (102 boys and 98 girls) with the
age range of 15 to 19 years and found that mental health has significant
determinant effect of achievement in school subjects , students having better
social and emotional adjustment attained good academic scores .

ü Thakkar (2007) studied
academic achievement ,adjustment and study habit of rural and urban students
found that there was no significant relationship in academic achievement and
study habits for rural and urban students ;
there
was positive significant reference between rural and urban students in
adjustment ,area of home ,family ,emotional and total but in the area of social
and emotional adjustment the difference was not significant; there was no
significant correlation between academic achievement and adjustment among rural
and urban locality ; a positive significant difference between low and high
achieving groups . Adjustment pattern showed that urban boys slightly better
than in rural counterparts in the area of home , family personal ,emotional and
health achievement

ü Asarnow,et .al (2011)  investigated
“depression and academic achievement” and examined the unique association of
depression and role impairment among adolescents in primary care. The sample
included a large about 350 primary care patients aged 13-19 drawn from six
sites included public health ,managed care and academic health center clinics
.The  youth self  report questionnaire assessed  the relation between depression and academic
performance.

 

 

v STUDIES  RELAT ED 
TO SELF  ESTEEM:

 

 

ü  Ciarrochi et al .(2007)  studied the impact of
hope ,self esteem and attributional style on adolescents school grades and
emotional well being among 784 high school students from new south vales in
Australia . The results revealed that hope was predictor of positive effect ,
negative attributional style had best predictor of increases hostility and fear
,self esteem was the best predictor of increases in sadness.

ü  Cornor et .al. (2008)  investigated Self
esteem in relations to age ,gender ,ethnicity and risk behavior of non medical  stream students, 149 African American and
latino students were participated from non stream school. The results indicated
that Self esteem as an important component of adolescents , healthy development
and successful transition to adulthood .It also revealed that high Self Esteem
associated with an overall sense of well being during adolescence ,but low self
esteem had been related to risk behaviour and negative development outcomes .

ü  Malekiha et. al (2012)  investigated personality
and Self esteem as predictor of happiness and depression among 110 male
students of high school in Iran. The results indicated that
both
self esteem and personality were
significantly correlated with happiness and depression.

 

 

v  STUDIES RELATED TO MENTAL HEALTH OF
ADOLSCENCE IN RELATION TO ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND SELF ESTEEM:

 

ü  Lewis (2005) investigated
multivariate analysis of variables associated with academic success with a
college environment and found that mental health was most significantly related
to academic achievement.

ü   Gerard ,J.M (2009) found
comparative relationship between mental health of young adolescence in case of
academic achievement and self esteem . Quantitative and Qualitative data
from  which 86 north America and 86
British  adolescents were utilized to examine
the relationship .Qualitative results demonstrated that low self esteem was
related to low academic achievement and deteriorate the mental status of
adolescence .

ü  Akinleke (2013)  studied the
relationship between test anxiety ,Self esteem and academic performance among
two hundred and fifty(250) students of federal polytechnic Ilaro in Nigeria
.The results indicated that there was positive relationship between Self Esteem
and academic performance .The low self esteem leads to decrease academic
performance .

 

1.5  STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:

          The problem under investigation is stated
as:

   
“Study of mental health of 10th class
students in relation to their academic      
achievement and self esteem”

1.6  OBJECTIVES  OF THE STUDY :

Ø  To
study mental health of 10th class students

Ø 
To study academic achievement among 10th
class students

Ø 
To study self esteem among 10th
class students

Ø 
To study the difference between mental
health of boys and girls

Ø 
To study the difference between self
esteem of boys and girls

Ø  To
study the difference between mental health and self esteem among boys and
girls.

 

1.7   HYPOTHESES:

     1. There will be a
significant relationship between mental health and academic      achievement of 10th class
students .

   
2. There will be a significant relationship between mental health and
self esteem of 10th class students .

   
3.  There will be a significant
difference in mental health  of male  and female students of 10th class
.

  
4. There will be a significant difference in self esteem of male and
female students of 10th class .

 

1.8 DELIMITATIONS  OF THE STUDY:

  Due to scarcity of time
the  study has following delimitations :

1.     
The study is delimited only on  the students of district shri  muktsar sahib .

2.     
The study is  restricted to 10th class
students  .

3.     
The study is delimited only on the
samples of 200 students .

 

1.9
METHODOLOGY :

§  Aim of the study:

The aim of the study is to assess the mental health
of 10th class students in relation to  their academic achievement and self esteem.

§  Sample size:

Data will be collected only on 200 participants from
Muktsar district .From which 100 will be males and 100 will be females.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tool used

1.    
Mental
Health Battery  by Singh and Gupta (2005)
.

Description:
It
has 130 items belonging to six dimensions of mental heath. Emotional stability
,over all adjustment , autonomy , security-insecurity ,self  concept 
and intelligence

Reliability:
  The reliability of the
inventory was determined by split half method using odd even procedure . The
results reveals that there exists a significant and positive correlation  of various dimensions of mental health i.e
emotional stability (r=.12) ,overall adjustment (r=.10) ,autonomy (r=.10) ,self
concept (r =.12) ,and intelligence (r =.28) and shows no significant
correlation .

Validity: 
Construct validity of the inventory is determined by
finding coefficient of correlation between scores on mental health inventory
and general health questionnaire  . It
was found to be .54 

Norms:  The normative sample
included 200 sample from different 
private schools of  muktsar
district . The group was comprised of 58% girls and 42%  boys  .
The mean age vary between 17- 19 years.

 

2.    
Academic
achievement:

Academic achievement will be
assessed on the basis of final examination of 9th class.

3.
SELF ESTEEM  INVENTORY BY COOPERSMITH
(1981):

DESCRIPTION: 

 The self esteem Inventory  (coopersmith ,1981) was used to measure self
esteem  of school students .it was used
to measure evolution attitudes towards the self in social ,academic, family,and
personal area of experience which indicate the extent to which a person believes
him/herself competent  , successful
,significant and worthy . The items were scored positively as well as
negatively seperately.

Reliability
:

 The adult form of the
self esteem Inventory has been designed to be used with persons aged sixteen
and above .The conbach’s alpha reliability coefficients have been reported to
range from .78 to .85 for different groups and in terms of age sample, it was .80
for the younger ones and .81 for elder ones , thereby showing internal consistency
of the inventor

Validity:

The construct validity of the inventory
along with concurrent and factorial validity has been established .

SCORING:

 The inventory consists
of 25 traits  –descriptive items to which
the subjects responds by checking either “likes me” or “unlike me” . Items are
scored 1 (one) for every answer that is affarrmith endorses and elements of
self esteem e.g  saying positive things
about oneself and 0 (zero)for every answer in the other direction. The self
esteem score is calculated by scoring positive items “correct” if they have
been answered “like me ” and negative items “correct ” if they answered “unlike
me” . Higher scores indicate high self esteem and low  score indicate low self esteem.

 1.9 STATISTICAL COMPUTATION:

Ø  Mean
, Standard deviation and standard error of mean.

Ø  T
test will be used to see the significant difference between the means

Ø  Pearson’s
product moment correlation will be used to see the relationship between the
variables

Ø  Data
will be represented graphically wherever and whenever required .

 

 

 

 

 2.0 REFFERENCES:

§  Akinleke ,w.olaitan (2013) An
Investigation of the Relationship between Anxiety ,Self esteem and Academic
performance Among polytechnic Students in Nigeria . International Journal of computer Applications ,57(1),47-50 .

§  Asarnow ,J.R ,Jaycox ,L.H .,Duan.N,
Laborde ,A.P., Rea,M.M,et al(2005) examined the
relationship between Depression and Academic achievement .37(6) 477-83.

§  Bharath k (2011) assessment
of mental health of Indian adolescents studying in urban schools ,pg276-98.

§  Ciarrochi ,J.,Heaven ,Palrich
C.L,and Davies ,F.(2007) The impact of hope ,self esteem and
attributional style of adolescents ,school grades and emotional well being .A
lonitudinal study : Journal of research
in personality,41(6),1161-78 .

§  Cornor , J.M ,Poyrazie ,S.ferrer
,W.L, and Grahame ,K.(2008) , The Relation of age
,gender ,ethnicity and risk behavior to self esteem among students in non
mainstream school. Adolosecence  San
Diego ,39,155-159 .

§  Gerard J.M (2009) To
assess the relationship between mental health of young adolescents in relation
to academic progress and self esteem , Inetrnational
Journal of personality and social psychology .30,1541-47.

§  Kaisnath (2013)  Studied the interactive effect of mental
health and socioeconomic status on academic achievement 14,120-127.

§  Kaur Inderjeet (2006)  Descripted study on self disclosure as related
to mental health Mathen ,M.ed Dissitation ,Punjab .

§  Lewis ,B.(2005) Mental
hygiene in public health .MccGraw Hill, p.68 .

§  Malekiha ,M. Abedi ,Mohammad R.,and
Baghban ,Iran (2012) Personality ,Self esteem predictors of
happiness and depression among high school students in Iran .journal-archieves ,3(10) 569-580.

§  Miech ,R.A Eaton,W.W and  Brenan k (2005) Mental
health disparities across education and sex: A Prospectives analysis examining
how they persist over the life course Journal
of Gerentology series B . psychogical and social sciences (60) 93-98 .

§  Otto Wahl ,Phd ,Janet susin MA  ,et al (2009) A
survey conducted on middle  school
students to assess the knoeledge of mental health ,psychoinfo.16(3) pg 244-47 .

§  Thakkar (2007) Studied
academic achievement ,adjustment and urban school going adolescents ,Journal of school health 702-

WEBSITES

v http://www. Mental health.com /information
/inventory

v http://www.help guide .org/article
self esteem

v http://www.medlineplus
.gov/ency/article /003213 (self esteem)

v http://www.webster. Dictionary .com /academic achievement

v  http://www.your dictionary .com /mental
fitness/mental health /definition

Author: