is another category which is defined by specific characteristics like film noir
of gangster films or slasher films of horror. Genre blending is another feature
which combines all the genres, one of the best examples is Casablanca (Michael Curtiz, 1942). It can be
viewed as a war film, a thriller movie and romance. Another example can be Terry
During the early years of the 40s decade,
American film industry was not that prominent
especially after the attack on Pearl Harbor by Japanese. However, by 1943 to
1946 Hollywood films began to flourish along with the advancement in technology.
Some of the Hollywood’s best
directors who arouse during war years include; John Ford, William Wyler, John
Huston and most of their movies convey patriotic themes, like Wylers’s war time
By the end of World War II, the
concept of Film Noir came into existence. The genre associated with 1940s
Hollywood was film noir. It reflects the challenges faced during pre and
Film noir is basically used to describe crime
movies which are full of self-concerned criminals and violent scenes. All film
noirs are unique with contrasting cinematography and sharp dialogue. Then comes
the concept of Neo-Noir. “Neo means
new and Noir means black It was
coined by Nino Frank in 1946, a French film critic who started a new trend in
the Hollywood crime field. In this new ‘genre’ of cinema, the emphasis was
placed on criminal psychology, violence, and misogyny” (Genre and Hollywood, Steve Neale, p.151).
of the most notable film noirs during the 40s period are; Frank Tuttle’s This
Gun For Hire (1942), Billy Wilder’s Double Indemnity (1944),
Henry Hathaway’s Kiss of Death (1947), Nicholas Ray’s They
Live By Night (1949).
Films in 1950s and 60s mainly reflected the decade
of fun, leisure, entertainment and tremendous social changes.
By early 60s, the major studios financed and started distributing
independently-produced domestic pictures and 1970’s became a new decade for the
young film makers. The restrictions they had on language, adult content slowly
began to diminish. Young film makers started to experiment discarding the old Hollywood
Era of Crime films
1950, crime films became much more violent and adult oriented. Drug abuse and
addiction which was considered as a taboo subject have been widely brought to
the screen. Crime films are often self-destructive and includes rivalry. (filmsite.org/crimefilms.html)
W. Griffith’s The Musketeers of Pig Alley (1912) officially marked the start of crime/gangster genre about
organized crime. It wasn’t the first gangster movie ever made, one of the
earliest crime films was Sherlock Holmes Baffled (1900).
Ford Coppola’s Godfather (1972) was
one of the most successful ‘Mafia’ films ever made. This era boasted a lot of
famous Film makers in America, some of them being, Otto Preminger, William
Wyler, Roman Polanski Alfred Hitchcock, Stanley Kubrick, Steven Spielberg, D W
Griffith and Orson Welles.
In the early 90s, young
screenwriter Quentin Tarantino made his debut film as writer and director. Quentin Tarantino is
one of the most visible new American Filmmaker to have emerged during the
1990’s. Tarantino had held a significant influence on the modern cinema.
Tarantino, one of the most widely known filmmaker is admired for a particular
style and visuals that he uses in his movies. And also the narrative structure,
cinematography and most importantly the treatment of violence. Apart from the
role of a filmmaker, he is also known as a writer. He wrote scripts for ‘True
Romance'(1993), ‘From Dusk till Dawn’ (1996), ‘Curdled’ (1996).
of the main movies directed by Tarantino include Pulp Fiction(1994), Reservoir Dogs(1992), Django Unchained(2012),
Inglourious Basterds(2009), Kill Bill Vol I(2003), Kill Bill Vol II(2004),
Jackie Brown(1997), The Hateful Eight(2015).
movies have got a whole lot of transgression, which is; the use of language,
feminist vengeance, the pleasure of cathartic violence and black vengeance. In
one of his movies ‘Kill Bill Vol I
(2003), the bride who is the victim (the protagonist) becomes the heroic
symbol of female vengeance.In his movies, the heroes can be so terrible. (Genre, Justice and Quentin Tarantino. Eric Michael Blake, 2015).
of the characteristic features is that he uses the combination of comedy and
violence. Pulp Fiction is the movie where he clearly shows the contrast between
parody and violence. It is not only
considered as the best film but also the best work by Quentin Tarantino. He
sets up his stories within the dominion of crime movies and later overwrites it
This study focuses on the audience perception
of Quentin Tarantino’s movies. There are certain elements and a distinctive
style that Tarantino uses that attract the audiences. The audience can be drawn
in by the plot of the movie, soundtracks, settings, and dialogues. Audience
examines what the film says and how it depicts the role of different
characters. This study shows why audience perceives Tarantino’s movies, what elements
of his movies interest the audience and the general perception about Tarantino
among the viewers.