Suicidal behavior can be reflected
in social perspective. Perception of invalidation creates a sense of loneliness
eventually leading to a greater risk of development of suicidal ideation. The
sense of not being accepted by the society along with the perceived capability
for lethal self-harm produces a desire for death. Thus, “lack of acceptance” or
“sense of invalidation” can be taken as a predictor of whether a person will
try to harm himself or even attempt suicide or not. Family and peers are the
two major categories that may lead a person thinking of him as inacceptable by
the society. When then teens that were admitted in a psychiatric facility for attempting
suicide were assessed it was found that most of them were aggravated by family
or peer ignorance. There was a higher ratio of boys who developed a high
perception of family invalidation and perception of peer invalidation was equally
likely in both genders. Perception of invalidation may come if one gets bullied
by his peers or if one is never appreciated by his family.
Emotional invalidation in the
family environment occurs mostly by low family support or family dysfunction.
Positive family support can not only help one to grow mentally but also to make
healthier and wiser choices. It makes one safer and is a resilience to stress.
So, if one’s family is not supportive, a person may get depressed in the hours
of stress because there is no one to share his feelings with and may feel helpless
as sometimes a person cannot fight the stress alone. On the other hand, a dysfunctional
family can adversely affect an adolescent’s growth and mentality. Inter-family
conflicts may disturb the mental state of a child and eventually he may develop
suicidal ideation. Lack of real social life and familial connections add a lot to
stressful life. So, parents should be affectionate with their children and keep
track of their routine and act accordingly if there is something unusual with
their routine or with their behavior.
Adolescence is a time when one is
really sensitive and thus a little glitch in peer connection can be hurting. So,
talking about bullying, it is commonly experienced in adolescence particularly
from sixth to tenth grade. Bullying peers and suicidal ideation as well as
self-injurious behaviors are in close association. It is an element of surprise
that there is a high level of suicidal ideation not just in the victims but
also in the petrators. Whereas, peer invalidation may create a sense of rejection
and one may lose all his confidence and the desire to live. In a group of peer,
one may get upset if his suggestions are given no importance, if he is made fun
of and if he is laughed at all the time. Eventually, he may get into depression
leading to suicide.
Studies have also examined that
social isolation is frequently becoming common in hospitalized suicidal
adolescents. A person isolates himself from society when the society makes him
feel that he is of no use to society and anything that he does for the society
doesn’t matter. Social isolation may lead to physical and mental stress.
Similarly, child abuse has been
found to be another major element of suicidal ideation in adolescents. It has
been found that adults who have been a victim of childhood abuse are five times
more likely to commit suicide then who are not physically abused. Physical
abuse may adversely affect the stress response in the brain thus leading to