review of the program’s target population and its accessibility
career counseling is the use of computers and other internet connected devices
in career guidance. The world is turning to the internet for information and
guidance. Many individuals look for professional career guidance when making
important career decisions. The program aims to assist individuals seeking online
information for self-help in their career choices. It can be used by clients look
for professional guidance from experienced career counselors and psychologists
as they aim at making their decisions. It also targets special population such
as persons with disabilities, people from diverse groups, veterans, offenders
and the elderly. There are websites and job search boards specific to the
members of this group. With such a program, people from geographically isolated
areas can access the services from the comfort of their homes. It allows for
career counselors and psychologist to help clients in related fields without
physically meeting. It helps students who would like to identify a course that
relates to their skills and pursue it as a gateway into the business world. (Niles &
program is customized for user satisfaction. It offers and/or supports the
following features (Krumboltz, 1990):
chat with a career practitioner
Videoconferencing and internet voice
Creating of career plans
Career videos in multiple languages
Sharing of data via social media
(Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Telegram, WhatsApp and LinkedIn)
Job placement tools such as interviewing
practice and resume builders as well as drafting formal letters
Calendar reminder for career plans and
exporting scheduled important event dates to a calendar
Local jobs available and the ability to
research local employers
Auxiliary digital publications on
different career topics
Technical and training support
program offers online assessments, exploration experiences, search for options
and information delivery/guidance. It integrates various elements to provide a
logical and structured discovering environment. As a result it has many
benefits such as enhanced integration of the assessments taken, quicker results,
fewer errors and active involvement of clients. A client can be provided with
detailed results containing career information shortly after completing an
program provides a companion tool kit for practitioners and psychologists who
would like to assist online clients with career exploration and decision
making. The tool kit allows them to offer the career assessment inventories. It
includes curricular elements that aid in comparing occupations and future
career planning. Career practitioners regularly update information for clients.
Organizations too can also post job vacancies available and the descriptions of
employees they require. Since most information presented online nowadays may
not be reliable, various organizations established guidelines and standard
regulating career practitioners. The regulations ensure that the program is
used effectively by career counselors and clients are presented quality and
accurate information (Bobek, et
The organizations include American Counseling Association (ACA), National Board
for Certified Counselors and the Center for Credentialing and Education and
National Career Development Association (NCDA). The Code of Ethics set
regarding providing career services online dictate: (National
Career Development Association)
professionals should ensure that the use of technology services is in
accordance with the laws of the land and boundaries where the services are offered.
are entitles to informed consent and disclosure.
professions should take reasonable precautions to ensure the confidentiality of
clients’ personal information transmitted through electronic means, including using
current encryption standards within their online platform.
professions are to verify clients’ identities at the beginning and throughout
the working relationship. Verification can include, but is not limited to,
using code words, numbers, graphics, or other nondescript identifiers.
professions should maintain a professional relationship with their clients.
They should discuss and establish professional boundaries with clients
regarding the appropriate use and application of technology and the limitations
of its use.
professional should make reasonable efforts to determine that the clients are
fully capable of using the application and that the application is appropriate
for the needs of the client. They are also to follow up with clients to address
any issues that may arise.
professionals are responsible for knowing and abiding by other ethical
practices related to client assessment.
professionals who maintain websites should regularly ensure that electronic
links are professionally appropriate and working. They should also be relevant
to the clients and protect consumer rights.
professionals should provide accessibility or inform persons with disabilities
of assistive devices that will make the content accessible.
job posting must represent a valid opening for which those searching have an
opportunity to apply. Once application deadlines have passed or after positions
have been filled the postings should be removed. Information that may be gained
about individuals should not be used for any other purposes other than the
professionals should respect the privacy of their clients’ presence on social
media and avoid searching clients’ virtual presence unless given consent.
professionals’ social media strategies should be fair and treat all clients
should be respectful and appropriate for large audiences. They should also be
regularly checked to ensure accuracy of information shared.
posted should respect copyrights and original sources