Tawheed Tawheed Ar – Rububiyyah states that Allah

Tawheed comes
from the word wahhada which means to unite. So Tawheed basically means
unification. Tawheed the most important concept in Islam, our entire faith
depends on it. There are three categories of Tawheed: Tawheed Ar – Rububiyyah, Tawheed
Al – Asma Was – Sifat, and Tawheed Al – Ibadah. Tawheed Ar – Rububiyyah states
that Allah is one and has no partners. Tawheed Al – Asma Was Sifat states that his
names and attributes are unique and no one has the right to them. Tawheed Al – Ibadah
states that only Allah (S.W.T) has the right to be worshipped. All of these
three concepts are equally important and it is crucial that we believe and
maintain all three of them because not believing in even one of them leads to
shirk.

 

 

 

        Tawheed Ar – Rububiyyah is derived from
the word Rabb which means Lord and it is believing that there is no god but
Allah (S.W.T). This means that you have to believe that Allah (S.W.T) has
created everything from nothing. He is self – sufficient and does not need
anything or anyone. Everything in this world is in the control of Allah (S.W.T)
and nothing happens without his permission and knowledge. Whatever happens in
our lives, would not have happened without him allowing it to happen. Dr. Bilal
Philips mentioned in his book that, “In recognitions of this reality, Prophet
Muhammad (S.A.W) used to often repeat the exclamatory phrase, “La hawla wa la
quwwata illa billah.” (There is no movement nor power except by the will of
Allah).” (The Fundamentals of Tawheed, 2005, p. 22) Also, in the Quran Allah
(S.W.T), “… It was not you who threw when you threw, but it was Allah Who threw…”
(Quran 8: 17) There are many things in this life that we do not understand.
Many things happen that we cannot even begin to understand. Sometimes something
we thought was bad for us might actually be good and something we think of as
good might be bad for us. Since, as we said everything is from Allah, there is
no such thing as “Good Luck” and “Back Luck”. All those good luck charms people
like to rely on are nothing but simple items and they lead to shirk. Only believe
and rely on Allah.

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        The second category is Tawheed Al –
Asma was – Sifat which is maintaining the uniqueness of Allah’s Names and
Attributes. There are five main aspects of Tawheed Al – Asma was – Sifat. The
first aspect of this category is that we should refer to Allah (S.W.T) how He
and His Prophet have described him. This means that we should not assume or
give our own interpretations to his names and attributes nor compare it to
anything of human nature because Allah (S.W.T) is nothing like humans in any
way. We should not try to rationalize any of his names and attributes. The
second aspect of this category is that we should refer to Allah (S.W.T) with
only the names and attributes he has used to refer to himself and not make any
new ones. The third aspect of this category is that we should not give Allah
(S.W.T) any attributes of his creations. In the Bible and the Torah, it is
mentioned that, “Allah spent the first six days creating the universe then
slept on the seventh.” (Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version, Nelson, 1951, p.
2.) This is giving Allah (S.W.T) the attributes of his creation. Even if his
mentioned attributes are among the attributes of a human being, when they are
attributed to him they become without comparison in their perfection. The
fourth aspect of this category is not giving man the attributes of Allah
(S.W.T). Most Shi’ite (with the exception of the Zaidites of Yemen) have given
their “Imams” divine attributes of absolute infallibility, knowledge of the
past, the future and the unseen,1 and control over the atoms of
creation.2 “In so doing they set up rivals who share God’s unique
attributes and who, in fact, become gods besides Allah.” (The Fundamentals of
Tawheed, 2005, p. 30) The fifth and the final aspect of this category is that
Allah’s names in the definite form cannot be given to his creation unless the
prefix ‘Abd which means the “slave of” or “servant of” is before it.

 

 

        The third category is Tawheed Al –
Ibadah which means that Allah (S.W.T) is the only on worthy of worship. Even
though the first two categories of Tawheed are important they alone are not
sufficient. In order for our Tawheed to be considered complete Tawheed Ar –
Rububiyyah and Tawheed Al – Asma was – Sifat must be followed by Tawheed Al –
Ibadah. All forms of worship have to be to Allah (S.W.T) because he is the only
one worthy of worship and he is the only one who can benefit a man from
worshipping Him. Allah (S.W.T) made clear in the Quran that the Jinn and the
man was created only for the worship of Allah (S.W.T). Allah (S.W.T) says, “I
did not create the jinn and mankind except for My worship.” (Quran 51: 56) Understanding
the whole reason of creation is beyond man’s abilities which is why Allah
(S.W.T) sent prophets and books to help man understand what he can grasp. Even
making duaa to something or someone besides Allah (S.W.T) is considered
associated partners with Him. The Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) said, in no
uncertain terms, “Prayer (duaa) is worship.” 3 If someone prays to
the Prophet, the jinn, angels, or their so – called saint they have committed
shirk. The idols they worshipped in the past were only used as interceders yet
Allah (S.W.T) called them pagans for their practice. Ibadah in Islam is much
more than just praying or fasting. It includes emotional worship which includes
loving, trusting, and fearing Allah.

 

 

 

        In
conclusion, a person must maintain all three of these categories to be a Muslim
because there is just no way of not believing in Allah, his names and
attributes, or not worshipping him and still be Muslim. Not believing in Allah
leads you to shirk because belief is one of the main aspects. Not believing in
his names and attributes or giving his attributes to his creation leads you to
shirk because Allah (S.W.T) is the only one worthy of these names and attributes.
Not worshipping only Allah or praying to someone or something else to intercede
also leads to shirk. And we all know that committing shirk makes you a
Kaafir(Disbeliever). May Allah help us to maintain all of the categories of
Tawheed and Keep us on the straight path. 

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