The central areas is such that different

The Master Plan for Abuja was
submitted to the Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) on 15 February
1979. It was produced by the International Planning Associates (IPA), and as a
Philadelphia firm, Wallace, Roberts & Todd; Japanese architect Kenzo Tange,
were commissioned for the project. The concept of one of the greatest masters
of urban designers – Le Corbusier’s proposed three million inhabitants city
centre formed the core design inspiration. Kenzo-Tange an indisputable master
of city planning, designed Abuja’s city centre. This city centre encompasses
the central city’s core, the three Arms Zone that housed the executives,
Legislatives and Judiciaries, and most of the federal buildings (Daramola
& Aina, 2005).
The Master Plan (FCDA, 1979) intends to regulate landuse, transportation
systems, infrastructure, housing and other services in a manner that they are
inter-related, cost- efficient and practical for 500 hectares of government
activity, 891 hectares of service, 12,486 hectares of residential land,
920hectres of light industry, 1,840 hectares of transport infrastructure, 561
hectares of commercial and 8,300 hectares of open and recreational land’ (Page
5, MP, 1979). This land use budget gives a total area of 254.98 square
kilometer (or 25,498 hectares) (See Fig 2).

The concept was based on integrated and sustainable city, the
arrangement in the central areas is such that different zones are integrated in
a sequential manner using the gridiron street pattern. In the
Master Plan, Abuja begins with the smallest unit called the Neighborhood. This
unit is designed to serve about 5000 people. This arrangement informed the type
of facilities proposed for each Neighborhood, which include a primary school,
dispensary, postal agency and a community hall. The next stage is the District,
which has more people and upgraded facilities like a secondary school, health
and shopping centers, market, post office, police and fire stations. At the top
of the pyramid is the City Center, which is also the Central Business District.
The City Center houses government offices, government official residences,
hospital, transportation terminal and such national symbols like the National
Assembly, Supreme Court, National Museum, National Mosque, National Church and
the International Conference Center. Furthermore, it is designed to provide the
orderly development of the Federal Capital City (FCC) and the satellite towns
for about 25 years (1976 –2000). The creation of a modern city and healthy
environment can only be achieved by strict adherence to the Master Plan
according to (Ango, 2001).
However, the provision of infrastructure like sector road system is designed to
provide easy access to centers from periphery but designed to discourage
traffic through residential areas. Provision for a network of water, sewage and
drainage infrastructure is designed in such a way that it would preserve
natural landscape and respect the existing drainage pattern. Lastly, the
planned provided for a stage growth planned to occur in incremental stages so
that construction of one sector is completed before the next is begun.

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