The Children and Young People
(Scotland) Act 2014 states that anyone under the age of 18 years old
are defined as a child.
Development is the continuous progress
and change in a person as they become more independent and adapt to
life as they grow. There are five aspects of development which are
social, physical, emotional, cognitive and language (SPECL). As
babies get older they become more complex in their skills, thinking,
communication and movement etc.
SPECL is the aspects in which
practitioners measure a child’s development:
Social: The growth of
relationships and socialisation with others and learning to behave in
a social environment.
Physical: The physical growth of
a child in their weight, height and development of their fine and
gross motor skills
Emotional: The awareness of
their own emotions towards others and themselves and how they control
Cognitive: This is the way in
which children organise their thinking and their ability to reason
Language: The ability and
development of how children learn to communicate.
Holistic development views a child or
children as a whole person – physically, psychologically, socially,
morally, culturally and religiously. This is the best way to look at
a baby’s or a child’s development.
SPECL development for the ages 5-6:
Build and keep friendships.
Learn certain behaviour depending
on their environment.
Enjoy being around people and
socialising a lot more.
Confident in walking, running and
Enjoys being active.
Have the ability to write and draw
using their fine motor skills.
Express their feelings clearly.
They understand what criticism is.
They can be reasoned with.
Be able to talk full complete
sentences and hold a conversations.
Sentences are more complex and put
They development a creative
Learn to read, write and count low
Have a better concept of time.