The industry to meet the expectations. The university

The Biju
Patnaik University of Technology ( BPUT), Orissa, with its head-quarters in
Rourkela came into being in November 2002 through an act of the Government. The
main objective of instituting the University was to ensure a high quality of
students coming out of the technical colleges through a common curriculum and
uniform evaluation. Today, the University has 110 colleges, both constituent
and affiliated, with around 58,000 students. The disciplines include
engineering and architecture, business management and hotel management,
computer studies and pharmacy. Several of these offer both undergraduate and
post graduate studies.

Biju Patnaik University of Technology took its birth in the year
2003 with the laying of foundation stone on the auspicious hand of late
Dr.A.P.J. Abdul Ka lam, the hon’ble President of India. Riding on the chariot
of Public-Private Partnership, the University has grown to-day to a big family
of 158 colleges and covers all gamut of technical education systems of the
country. To-day it is a proud university who offers Ph.D, Master Degree and
Undergraduate Degrees in the areas of engineering, management, pharmacy,
architecture, planning and many more. To-day it dreams to introduce B-Voc,
M-Voc, and Ph.D-Voc to become an effective partner in the national mission
skill development. The unique ICT based training programs of the university to
reach the unreached is one of the steps out of many of its initiatives of
Digital BPUT. In the changing scenario, the university has adopted a model of
PPIP(Public-private-Industry-partnership) to make the education more meaningful
and relevant, The Unique student and industry friendly unique curriculum of the
university introduced recently will help the students and industry to meet the
expectations.

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The university believes in “Think Good, Do Good, Be Good “philosophy
and offers education as a service but not as a business. The dynamic model
adopted in the university to growing towards its goal for quality in technical
education and also provides a true platform to students for quality learning
.the big-Dream of the university along with the qualified faculty member;
skilled staff and excellent infrastructure make the university the most sought for
place of technical education.

Vision

To be a world class brand name for providing technical
man power needed in industry and academia.
To create wealth and prosperity in the society through
application of technical knowledge.

Mission

Facilitate
making the places of teaching intellectually stimulating and emotionally
pleasurable for the students and faculty.
Ensure
proficiency in students in their domain of study as well as in soft skills
(IT and Communicative English).
Establish
world class Centres in Higher Studies and Research.

Body of Paper: Stress is wear and tears
of our bodies experience as well as we adjust to our continually changing
environment. It has physical and emotional effects on us and can create
positive and negative feelings. As a positive stress it can help us for action.
And as a negative stress it can result in feeling distrust, rejection, anger
and depression which in turn can lead to health problems. Stress in our body’s
way of responding to any kind of demand. It can caused by both good and bad
experiences. Stress is a normal physical response to events that make us feel
threatened or upset our balance in some ways.

According
to Beehr & Newman, “job stress is a condition arising from the interaction
of the people and their jobs characterized by changes within people that force
them to deviate from their normal functioning”. 

According
to Ivancevich & Mafferson,”stress is the interaction of the individuals
with the environment, it is an adaptive response, mediated by individuals
differences and psychological process, that is a consequence of any external
action, situation or event that places excessive psychological or physical
demands upon a person”.

As
per medical explanation the term stress is the body’s general response to environmental
situation.

Selye
, who has done considerable research on stress has viewed stress as the
non-specifically induced changes within a biological system. it is non-specific
because any adaptation to a problem faced by the body, irrespective of the body
and nature of problem included in stress.

There
are different features of stress, such as

·        
Stress may result in any
kind of deviation Physical, psychological or behavioral in the person. This
deviation in from the usual state of affairs. Stress different from anxiety
which operates solely in the emotional and psychological sphere.

·        
Stress may be result of
individual interaction with environmental stimuli. Such stimuli may be in any
form, interpersonal interaction, event and others. The impact of the stimuli
produces deviation in the individual.

·        
It is not necessary that
stress in always dysfunctional. On the contrary there may be some stresses
called eustress, like stress toll creative work, entrepreneurial activities.
Keen competition etc, which stimulate better productivity.

 

 

 

 

Causes
of stress

Individual Stressor
1.      
Life and Career Changes
2.      
Personality Type
3.     
Role Characteristics

 

                                        

 

 

Organizational Stressor
1.      
Organizational Policy
2.      
Organizational Structure
3.     
Organizational Processes

 

Group Stressor
1.      
Group Cohesiveness
2.      
Social Support
3.       Conflict

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cause
and Effect Stress Model

Sl.No

Causes

Effect

1

Lack of group cohesiveness

Low self esteem

2

Role Ambiguity

Poor self confidence

3

Role overload

High rate of absenteeism

4

Job difficulty

Job dissatisfaction

5

Lack of role clarity

Bodily disorders like peptic ulcer,
heart problem

6

Inappropriate leadership style

Alcoholism

7

Lack of delegation

Drug Addiction

 

Impact
of stress on working women

Generally
stress is considered to be negative and it has many effects upon individual.The
presence of high level of stress in an individual which affects job performance
adversely and creates many types of physical, psychological and behavioral
problems.

·        
Physical problems

Stress causes physical reactions,
including autonomic, excitability of nerves, increased heart-rate and decrease
of body temperature. A research tending suggested that high level stress in
accompanied by high blood pressure and high level of cholesterol and can result
in heart disease, ulcer, arthritis.

·        
Psychological problems

High level of stress may be
accompanied by psychological reaction such an anger, anxiety, depression,
nervousness, irritability, tension and boredom depending upon the nature of
stress and the capacity of individual to bear stress.

·        
Behavioral problems

Because of high level of stress
people shown dysfunctional behavior such as alcoholism drug addiction,
increased smoking, sleeplessness, under/over eating.

·        
Burnout

Burnout is a syndrome where in a
person breakdown physically and emotionally due to continuous over work over a
long period of time.

·        
Rust out

Rust out is a syndrome where in a
person is chronically under worked and his skills are underutilized in
performing the job.

 

Physical
reaction due to high level of stress

 

(i)     Cognitive
symptoms

Memory
problems, inability to concentrate, poor judgment, seeing only the negative
anxious, constant worrying.

(ii)  Emotional
symptoms

Moodiness,
irritability, or short tempered, agitation, sense of loneliness and isolation,
depression or general unhappiness.

(iii)                       
Physical symptoms

Aches
and pain, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, chest pain, rapid heartbeat.

(iv) Behavioral
symptoms

Eating
more or less, sleeping too much or too little, isolating yourself from others
using alcohol, cigarette, nervous habit (nail biting).

Stress
Management

High
level stress affects the individual directly and through them, their families
and organizations are also affected. Therefore efforts should be made to
overcome the negative consequences of high stress. There are both individual
coping strategies and organizational coping strategies.

·        
Physical exercise

Physical
exercise is a good strategy to get body tit to overcome stress Physical
exercise of different types such as walking, jogging, swimming, playing etc.

·        
Relaxation

Impact
of stress can be overcome by relaxation. The relaxation can be simple one or
some specific techniques of relaxation such as biofeed-back and meditation.

·        
Work home transition

Work
home transition is also like a relaxation techniques. In this technique a
person may attend to less procure inducing type or routine work during the last
30 or 60 minutes to work time. For instance during the last hour of work, the
person can review the day’s activities.

·        
Cognitive therapy

Because of high level of stress
special cognitive therapy techniques have been developed by psychologist. In
these techniques lectures and interactive discussion sessions are arranged to
help participant.

·        
Net-working

Net- working is the formation of
close associations with trusted empathetic co-workers and colleagues who are
good listeners and confidence builders.

 

Research
Finding

 

1. Discrimination at workplace.

2. Challenges to safety and dignity.

4. Juggling between work, home,
relationship and personal life.

5. Ego of male counterparts.

6. Inequality as in provision of
opportunities in terms of job responsibilities projects and organizational
advancement.

7. Sesual abuse.

8.
During the interaction with lady faculty members it is find that, in comparison
to academic activities they involved more in non-academic activities.

9.      Burden of classes are also more for lady
teaching executives.

10. Less no. of faculty members according to
the requirement.

11. 
Recruitment
of female faculty also not supportive because they are not so efficient for
students marketing.

12. 
As the
no.of female faculty is less…..among the male staff unprofessionalism is quite
common.

13. 
Senior
male staff harass female faculty socially, emotionally and educationally and
economically too.

14. 
 Salary and compensation also less in
comparison to male executives being equal in education and experience.

15. 
Non
acceptance of talent and offered disrespect.

16. 
Women
executives faced challenges to their life, safety and dignity.

There
are many organizational coping strategies such as:

·        
Supportive organizational
climate

Many of the organizational stressors
emerge because of faulty organizational processes and practices. To a very
great extent there can be controlled by creating supportive organizational
climate with managerial leadership rather than the use of power.

·        
Job enrichment

A major source of stress in the
monotonous and disinteresting jobs performed by employees in the organization
through more rational designing of jobs can be enriched with responsibility, recognition,
opportunity for achievement and advancement.

·        
Organizational Role
clarity

People experience stress when they
are not clear about what they are expected to do the organizational. This may
happen because either there in ambiguity in the role or there in role conflict.
Such situation can be overcome by defining role more clearly.

·        
Career planning and
counseling

Career planning and counseling helps
the employees to obtain professional advice regarding career paths that would
help them to achieve personal goals It also makes them aware of what additional
qualifications, training and skills they should acquire for career advancement.

·        
Stress control workshop

Organizations can organize periodical
workshops for control and reduction of stress. Such workshops may help
individual to learn the dynamics of stress and methods of overcoming its ill
effects.

·        
Employee assistance
programme (EAP)

Employee assistance programmers were
designed to assist employees in dealing with the basic causes of stress. Some
programmes included were counseling and psychological services for employees
and workers.

·        
Stress management
training

Stress management training in employed by
many organizations today as a method to get employees to either work through
regular stress or to control their stress level.

Stress
is an inevitable concomitant of organizational life. It source is an
organization is task or role related. An organization being a network of roles
performed in inters connected positions in dynamic in nature. The complex and
dynamic environment in which organization have to exist adapt themselves and
grow, add to further stress at work. These environment forces include rapid
technological advancements, their adaptation in organizations consequent
changes, in the nature of job the demands made on employee skills, increased
employee expectations about the quality of work life and in congruence
perceived organizational outcomes or benefit, changes in organizational in
terms of downsizing, mergers, expansion closures affecting employment security,
social relations at work and upward mobility.

Stress
is the psychological and physiological reaction that takes place when one
perceives an imbalance in the level of demand placed on the capacity to meet
that demand on individuals.

Women
are best recognized for organizing their role as professional and house maker
pretty flawlessly. However this organizing may cost them more stress than they
can actually manage. It is better known as dual role stress.

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