The harshly for their actions. In an opposing

The Civil War was a war that brought destruction to America and took many lives with it. As a result, the South had to repair their infrastructure, their economy, and reunite themselves to the rest of the nation. The legislative and the executive branches had different ideas on how to unify the nation, resulting in disagreements among the government. During the Reconstruction era, the legislative branch wanted to punish the south for their disloyal actions, whereas the executive branch wanted to unite the Union and move forward as a country.  The executive branch favored the ideals of uniting the North & South. In 1863, President Lincoln passed the 10 Percent Plan, a proposal in which Southern states could return to the union when 10% of its voters swore allegiance to the United States. Lincoln wanted a quick, self-resolving reconstruction of the South. The 10 Percent Plan, however, angered many Republicans in Congress. Before Lincoln could even completely execute his plans for Reconstruction, he was assassinated. This left Andrew Johnson, a Tennessean who opposed of equality for blacks, to take his place as president. At first, President Johnson sought to punish the South harshly, which pleased his Republican Congress exceedingly. Soon after, Johnson went against his word and pardoned many Southerners for their actions. This angered the Republicans in the legislative branch immensely.  On the other hand, the legislative branch wanted to punish the South harshly for their actions. In an opposing response to Lincoln’s 10 Percent Plan, Radical Republicans issued the Wade-Davis Bill in 1864. The bill was created to hold the South accountable for their actions and to strip high-ranking army officers or government officials in the Confederacy of their citizenships. They believed that Lincoln was being too lenient on the South. However, Lincoln pocket vetoed the bill. This angered them, but after many discussions, Lincoln and the Republican Congress settled their debates. Consequently, in 1865, the 13th Amendment was ratified; it reinforced the Emancipation Proclamation and abolished slavery in the United States. Later this year, Congress established the Freedmen’s Bureau, an agency in the south that sought to help newly freed slaves have food to eat, establish schools, and gave them access to emergency services. After expanding the Freedmen’s Bureau and overriding vetoes made by Johnson, they passed the Fourteenth Amendment, which gave all citizens of the United States basic rights & “equal protection under the law.” However, both the Legislative & Executive branches were met with many challenges that shaped the course of Reconstruction because of their actions.In the span of all the events occurring in the two opposing branches, many events occurred because of the incidents that Reconstruction brought to the nation. For example, because of all the rights that newly freed slaves were being given, white supremacists groups, such as the KKK, began to target them. Their goal was to provoke blacks from being involved in government and suppress them. Another instance of the Reconstruction era was the effects it had on the American economy. After the Civil War, many businesses began to be established and lead to the expansion of railroad tracks and telegraph systems. However, in 1873, the economy went into a deep depression known as The Panic of 1873. This economic depression lasted until the end of the Reconstruction era in 1877. In the end, the Reconstruction era introduced many debates about how America should be restored as a united nation. The executive branch wanted to restore the nation as one and were lenient on the South. In contrast, the legislative branch wanted to punish them for their actions. Their philosophies and policies triggered the many events that went on during Reconstruction, such as the rise of the KKK and the Panic of 1873. The opposing views of the two branches shaped the course of the Reconstruction era and the many years after. 

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