The leader of the American Revolution, Thomas Paine, persuaded the many views of soldiers that were devastated and had lost all hope.
He uses various rhetorical techniques in the crisis in order to appeal to emotion and persuasion, he does this to establish a trusting connection between him and the soldiers to create and build motivation to fight another day. Paine used spiritual views to craft a very persuasive argument. Paine was able to create emotion and make the American troops feel guilt, anger, and motivation. He provides logical explanations, metaphors, anecdotes, and sympathetic feelings to show that he was credible and trustworthy. All of these things formed an inspirational argument that gave people hope and motivation to make a change. Paine uses diction in the first paragraph by using intelligent and inspiring word choice to change and encourage the troops.
He states, ¨the summer soldier patriot will, in this crises, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands in now deserves the love and thanks from men and woman.¨ He also states, ¨ What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness only that gives everything its value. This encourages the Americans to fight another day because it gives them the motivation that when this is all over they will be recognized for their hard work and integrity but that means that they need to stand up and fight.
The amount of effort they put in, is the amount of success they will receive. In the second paragraph, Thomas Paine uses God, as the next source of persuasion to get the Americans to support. Paine states, “God Almighty will not give up a people to military destruction” as well other comments on how God will not help the king of Britain, “I cannot see on what grounds the king of Britain can look up to heaven for help against us; a common murderer, a highwayman, or a housebreaker has as good pretense as he…” This persuades Americans because it is appealing to logic by using a higher power to make them feel like what they are doing will be successful because God is on the Americans side rather than the Kings so he can not let them down. He also calls the king all these bad things because Paine makes him seem like the bad guy. In the third paragraph, an anecdote is used in order to appeal to people’s emotions as well as logic.
Paine illustrates a story about a selfish father,”After speaking his mind as freely as he thought was prudent, finished with this unfatherly expression, ‘Well! Give me peace in my day.’ Not a man lives on the continent but fully believes that a separation must some time or another finally take place, and a generous parent should have said, ‘If there must be trouble, let it be in my day, that my children may have peace.¨ This anecdote persuades the audience because it provides a story to reflect on by using the father and child as a metaphor for the Americans and the following generation.
It makes people feel guilty because they do not want to be the fathers that do not think of the wellbeing of their children. This anecdote is a huge help in rallying the people up to fight against Britain rather than putting the trouble aside for the future generations. In the last paragraph, Paine uses figurative language to be able to express what a strong soldier does for his family and what they represent when they fight. He states that ¨ The heart that feels not now us dead: the blood of his children will curse his cowardice who shrinks back at the time when a little might have saved the whole, made them happy. I love a man that can smile in trouble, that can gather strength from distress, and grow brave by reflection.
All this really means is that those who are afraid to fight will be dead that those who aren’t will grow and become strong and will initially win, which is what happened Paine used these rhetorical techniques as a weapon to persuade and gain support to fight. The crisis became accepted by the many colonies and manipulated many to join the fight for independence. Paine took this idea as stated that it was a basic human right to fight for liberty from the British, and implied the values of human dignity.
Paine completes what he was set to do, and creates an objective tone to rally and unite the nation by showing what kind of man the king of Britain is. Thomas Paine achieves his goal by using many rhetorical devices that connected the nation.