The food resources of the Makah, Quileute, and Quinaults were similar in ways. They all gathered and hunted. The Quileute and Quinault were known for being river people while the Makah were known to be Ocean people. (Wruble)The food resources of the Makah, Quileute, and Quinault may actually vary based upon who you ask. The Quileute and Quinault will claim that their food resources were their rivers and the ocean as well.
While the Makah will claim the Quileute and Quinaults food resource was their river and the Makahs food resource was the ocean. “Quileute and Quinault argues that archeological evidence and inferences support their treaty-time use of the ocean for whaling, sealing, and fishing.” (Wruble) This means the Quileute and Quinault believe they used the ocean as a food resource as well. While the Makah argue that based on all kinds of evidence such as anthropological, linguistic, historic, and archaeological the Quileute and Quinault were mainly only river fishing people and that was their main food resource.
(Wruble) Which in fact does make sense considering the Quinault have the Quinault river and the Quileute have the Quileute river. The Makah do not have a large river. This is where the evidence comes into play to determine what their food resources really were. The Quileute and Quinault argue that it logically makes sense that the that tribes located along the Pacific Northwest would have similar cultures and since the Makah Tribe have strong ocean going history they believe it was logical that they would have similar maritime practices as the Makah. (Wruble) According to the Quinault “the main staple is salmon, which can be caught year-round in the creeks, rivers, and ocean. The chinook salmon run in June and August, and the coho and dog chum salmon from September to the middle of November.
The blueback salmon are a species unique to the Quinault River and are the most plentiful. They run from late March to early July, with the peak in April. In the past villagers built common weirs and camps along the river a month before the run. Salmon was boiled or roasted for immediate consumption or dried and salted for the winter. After the blueback salmon run people hunted elk, bear, and deer in the mountains or gathered clams on the beach. The Quinault also gathered bark, grass, and berries and edible roots. At the end of the summer they returned to the river to catch the black, silver, and dog salmon. May to August was also whale season for a few intrepid hunters under the guidance of leaders who were thought to have special whale-hunting powers.
Fishing and hunting are still important subsistence and economic activities.”(Quinault) These are the food resources of the Quinault according to the Quinault. It is under debate whether or not they were using the ocean to hunt whales as there was a lack of evidence of them hunting whales. Citations-“Quinault.” Encyclopedia of World Cultures Supplement, Encyclopedia.com, 2002, www.encyclopedia.com/history/united-states-and-canada/north-american-indigenous-peoples/quinault.