The passage from childhood to maturity is markedthrough a long transition period regarded as adolescence. Adolescence iscommonly considered to commence with puberty, the process that leads to sexualmaturity. This duration is marked together with most important physical,cognitive and psychological changes. Cognitive maturity is frequentlyconsidered to coincide with the capacity for abstract thinking. Emotionalmaturity may depend on certain achievements as finding one’s identity, becomingindependent of parents, increasing a system about values, and manufacturingrelationships.The physical changes thattake place all through the early years of youth have an effect on theindividual’s behavioral level which leads to reevaluations and shifting ofvalues. Adolescents commence to bear an intense feeling of instability which isfast intensified by the ambiguous treatment they obtain from their parents andteachers.
Adolescents usually are faced with rapid physical change accompaniedwith sexual maturity to them these changes seem more plentiful and less easy tosolve. Mostly it is seen that most adolescents are decisive in nature whengiven the freedom they often dread from responsibility and usually questiontheir capacity to cope with difficulties, as they are inexperienced at the sametime want to feel independent many adolescents get upset as their solutions donot always come up to their potential. Teens are faced with adjusting to growing bodies andnewly received sexual characteristics. They have to learn to manage sexualemotions and according to engage among wholesome sexual behaviors. Thischallenge consists of establishing a sexual identification and increasing theskills for romantic relationships.Most adolescents are largelyconcerned with their bodily changes and experience dissatisfaction which causesdevelopment of unfavorable self concept and lack of self esteem.
Extremeconcerns with body image may lead to obsessive efforts to control weight. Middle adolescence is marked by the manifestation oninstant thinking skills. The intellectual world concerning the young person isall of sudden significantly expanded. Although peers still play an necessaryrole in the life of middle adolescents, they are increasingly self-directed.Their issues in regard to friends are greater directed towards their oppositesexed peers.
It is also at some point of this duration that the career toestablish psychological independence from one’s parents accelerates. Much abouttheirs psychological energies are directed toward preparing for adult roles orworking preliminary decisions about individual goals. Despite some convictbehavior, middle adolescence is a period during which young people are orientedtoward what is right and proper. They are developing a sense of behavioralmaturity and learning to monitor their impulsiveness.
Late adolescence is marked by the remainingpreparations for adult roles. Lateadolescents try to crystallize their vocational desires and to establishexperience regarding personal identity. Their desires for companion approvalare humbled and it is largely psychologically independent from their parents.