The main aim of this project is to make a contribution to improvement
of Turkey by formulation of policies, regulations, plans and projects that
guarantee a National Combined Transport System based on a Transport and
Infrastructure network with international quality standards comply with
economic, social, environmental guidelines and national development plan.
According to the project, the
purpose of this Strategic Plan for Combined Transport in Turkey is to define
and start up an integral transport system balancing the different modes of
transport, which requires investment, legislation and improvements to
operations in railways, shipping and logistics. Globalisation
requires all economies that pursue sustainable development to have competitive
transport systems. Transport represents the balance between being or not being
in the ultra-competitive game of global businesses. Multimodal
transport is intended for final door-to-door delivery from the producer to the
consumer, with minimum overall transport costs of general cargo and reduction
of overall journey and delivery times. This minimisation of costs and deadlines
is achieved in combined transport due to increase of operational productivity
through the use of efficient equipment during transhipment loading and
unloading operations, storage in specialised installations during the
exchanges, reduction of labour force employed in low value added activities due
to the adoption of document simplification measures and the adoption of a
single combined transport document, less possibility for the commission of
Turkey has to
become the main connection point between Europe and Asia, putting in value
Turkish geostrategic position. From the point of view of the development of
railway infrastructures for the combined transport, Turkey shows the following
specific characteristics: A great geographical extension, with long distances
between certain points and the border gates, A very rugged topography: only the
46% of Turkish soil can be considered flat, and certain areas have slope rates
of 30/1000. Furthermore, Turkey has 11 thousand km of railway networks,
including around 800-900 km of highspeed lines, which allows important
construction developments in the future. In order to
improve combined transport, Turkey needs regional, national and international
level planning. A key point for the Turkish combined transport development is
that the main demand of the railway customers refers to punctuality of the
service, but TCDD may not always satisfy them.
The Turkish logistic sector currently
present the following characteristics, which determine its competitiveness
sector is highly affected from lack of coordination and collaboration, There is
no direct legislation on logistics in Turkey: the actual discussion is who
should be the main actor, Operations in logistics centres have to accomplish
exporter’s expectations and transit services, Different bodies can have
different logistics centres. In Turkey, logistics centres can be constructed by
30 km distance from each other.
The logistic sector plays a key
role in the consolidation of the combined transport. Due to his geostrategic
position, Turkey had historically been a bridge between cultures and economies.
In addition, the most important need of the sector is to develop Logistics
Master Plan that defines what a logistics centre is, what the basic criteria
are for defining the connections and the proximity to transport nodes.
SWOT analysis of this project:
configuration of Turkey as a logistics platform between Europe and Asia. Road
transport sector with size and experience. Active presence of multinational
of certain shipping and railway infrastructures. Lack of a National Logistics
Plan to define corridors and the locations of centres. Competition based on
negotiations with customers to agree low prices. Presence of players that are
not fully professionalised in road transport.
Opportunities: Maintenance of
expectations for growth of transport worldwide. Growing, sustained economic
development of Turkey up to 2020. Growth of Turkish production sectors.
Programmes for the modernisation of railway infrastructure already in progress.
Threats: High volume of
investment required. Gradually radicalised international competition.
Disorganised emergence of new logistics centres. Disconnection of customs
procedures and transport operations due to complex operational procedures.
highlight the fundamental and characteristic features of the Turkish Combined
Transport System, constituting a point of reference and roadmap for its
operation. Service: provide Turkey
and the Turkish people with transport services that improve their quality of
life. Quality and continuous improvement:
meet and exceed universal standards. Free
competition: guarantee and maintain rules for competition, protecting the
rights of customers and citizens. Openness:
accept and adopt new ideas, proposals and focuses in ways of doing combined
transport to optimise service levels and answering the country’s needs. Effectiveness: optimise the rational
use of the resources available with proven operating models. Loyalty: fulfil and ensure fulfilment
of the Mission, Vision and Values above private interests. Participation: enable participation of stakeholders and ensure the
protection of their investments. Transparency:
prepare, maintain and distribute information and statistics about goods and
traffic flows. Efficiency: achieve
the programmed targets and goals using the resources available in a set time,
improving the capacity for achieving said targets and goals in terms of place,
time, quality and quantity.
To conclusion, this project has a high
potential for development. Turkey has a key geographical point in the world and
with this enhanced projects Turkey could play a major role. Also, with these
improvements environmental issues can reduce and quality of life in country
could be developed.