The main aim of this project is to make a contribution to improvementof Turkey by formulation of policies, regulations, plans and projects thatguarantee a National Combined Transport System based on a Transport andInfrastructure network with international quality standards comply witheconomic, social, environmental guidelines and national development plan. According to the project, thepurpose of this Strategic Plan for Combined Transport in Turkey is to defineand start up an integral transport system balancing the different modes oftransport, which requires investment, legislation and improvements tooperations in railways, shipping and logistics.
Globalisationrequires all economies that pursue sustainable development to have competitivetransport systems. Transport represents the balance between being or not beingin the ultra-competitive game of global businesses. Multimodaltransport is intended for final door-to-door delivery from the producer to theconsumer, with minimum overall transport costs of general cargo and reductionof overall journey and delivery times. This minimisation of costs and deadlinesis achieved in combined transport due to increase of operational productivitythrough the use of efficient equipment during transhipment loading andunloading operations, storage in specialised installations during theexchanges, reduction of labour force employed in low value added activities dueto the adoption of document simplification measures and the adoption of asingle combined transport document, less possibility for the commission ofillegal acts. Turkey has tobecome the main connection point between Europe and Asia, putting in valueTurkish geostrategic position. From the point of view of the development ofrailway infrastructures for the combined transport, Turkey shows the followingspecific characteristics: A great geographical extension, with long distancesbetween certain points and the border gates, A very rugged topography: only the46% of Turkish soil can be considered flat, and certain areas have slope ratesof 30/1000. Furthermore, Turkey has 11 thousand km of railway networks,including around 800-900 km of highspeed lines, which allows importantconstruction developments in the future. In order toimprove combined transport, Turkey needs regional, national and internationallevel planning.
A key point for the Turkish combined transport development isthat the main demand of the railway customers refers to punctuality of theservice, but TCDD may not always satisfy them. The Turkish logistic sector currentlypresent the following characteristics, which determine its competitivenessposition: Thesector is highly affected from lack of coordination and collaboration, There isno direct legislation on logistics in Turkey: the actual discussion is whoshould be the main actor, Operations in logistics centres have to accomplishexporter’s expectations and transit services, Different bodies can havedifferent logistics centres. In Turkey, logistics centres can be constructed by30 km distance from each other.
The logistic sector plays a keyrole in the consolidation of the combined transport. Due to his geostrategicposition, Turkey had historically been a bridge between cultures and economies.In addition, the most important need of the sector is to develop LogisticsMaster Plan that defines what a logistics centre is, what the basic criteriaare for defining the connections and the proximity to transport nodes. SWOT analysis of this project:Strengths: Geographicalconfiguration of Turkey as a logistics platform between Europe and Asia. Roadtransport sector with size and experience. Active presence of multinationallogistics companies.Weaknesses: Obsolescenceof certain shipping and railway infrastructures. Lack of a National LogisticsPlan to define corridors and the locations of centres.
Competition based onnegotiations with customers to agree low prices. Presence of players that arenot fully professionalised in road transport. Opportunities: Maintenance ofexpectations for growth of transport worldwide. Growing, sustained economicdevelopment of Turkey up to 2020.
Growth of Turkish production sectors.Programmes for the modernisation of railway infrastructure already in progress.Threats: High volume ofinvestment required. Gradually radicalised international competition.Disorganised emergence of new logistics centres.
Disconnection of customsprocedures and transport operations due to complex operational procedures. The valueshighlight the fundamental and characteristic features of the Turkish CombinedTransport System, constituting a point of reference and roadmap for itsoperation. Service: provide Turkeyand the Turkish people with transport services that improve their quality oflife.
Quality and continuous improvement:meet and exceed universal standards. Freecompetition: guarantee and maintain rules for competition, protecting therights of customers and citizens. Openness:accept and adopt new ideas, proposals and focuses in ways of doing combinedtransport to optimise service levels and answering the country’s needs. Effectiveness: optimise the rationaluse of the resources available with proven operating models. Loyalty: fulfil and ensure fulfilmentof the Mission, Vision and Values above private interests. Participation: enable participation of stakeholders and ensure theprotection of their investments. Transparency:prepare, maintain and distribute information and statistics about goods andtraffic flows.
Efficiency: achievethe programmed targets and goals using the resources available in a set time,improving the capacity for achieving said targets and goals in terms of place,time, quality and quantity. To conclusion, this project has a highpotential for development. Turkey has a key geographical point in the world andwith this enhanced projects Turkey could play a major role. Also, with theseimprovements environmental issues can reduce and quality of life in countrycould be developed.