Theory Person-Centered Approach; by letting the client figure

Theory

            Growing up, I have always been the type of person that would
go by the beat of my own drum and would never listen to the people around me. I
would bump my head, making many mistakes in my life, but I would always learn
from the errors of life… the hard way. I would put myself in difficult
situations, but I would always find a way out, on my own. But from these past
struggles, I have been able to grow, prosper, and become a better person,
living through my own experiences. By being the one in control of my life, it
has made me a strong and independent woman, making it one of my best traits. For
these reasons, I chose and would pursue the Person-Centered approach when I
become a therapist in the future.

Selected Goals
of Therapy

            The goal of this method is for the therapist to help and “assist clients in achieving a
greater degree of independence and integration so they can better cope with
problems as they identify them.” (Corey, 2017) I strongly agree with the
Person-Centered Approach; by letting the client figure out their own struggles
or difficulties, they will be able to develop and can be able to decide of
themselves the path the client would want to take. We are not perfect; everyone
makes mistakes, but we learn from faults and come out stronger than before. Other
goals in this method is to increase the client’s self-esteem, improve their
understanding of him or herself, and remove any feelings of pain or discomfort.

            When
the problem the client is facing is presented, the therapist must not provide
the solution, rather than let them point out their issues and problems they
have within and work out a way to thrive. When clients start the therapeutic
process, they realize that they have lost touch with themselves and that there
are more authentic ways to live a healthy life. The therapist must create a
safe space for clients to open up and feel confident enough to set their own
goals. As the client progress with their sessions and see positive results,
they will start to notice a confident change where they will live a happier
life, being able to understand and come up with solutions on their own,
enhancing their self-esteem.

            By setting these goals and Therapists
that practice the Person-Centered Approach help the client come up with plans
rather than give them the answers to their problems. “The
cornerstone of person-centered theory is the view that clients in a
relationship with a facilitating therapist have the capacity to define and
clarify their own goals.” (Curtis, 2010)

Role & Function of
Therapist

            “The role of
person-centered therapists is rooted in their ways of being and attitudes, not
in techniques designed to get the client to “do something”.” (Curtis, 2010) The
therapist must provide an open, non-judgmental, and comfortable space for the
client to be able to feel at ease, to see positive results and growth in the
therapy sessions. The therapist must be present and honest with oneself during
the sessions. The major characteristics the therapist must have to provide optimistic
outcomes are being empathic, accepting, and congruent,. The therapist must be
able to put him or herself in their client’s position and try to see the
situation in a different point of view. Clients go to therapy session to be
able to open up and put down their walls creating a state of vulnerability,
making the therapist to have an open heart and mind to any situation at hand. “Clients
become less defensive and more open to possibilities within themselves and in
the world.” (Curtis, 2010)

Techniques
to be Used

            The
attitude directed towards the client and the therapeutic process has an affect
on the personality and motivation the client has. Bringing a positive approach
toward the therapy will allow growth and advancements to the client. Having
this in mind, creating a close and personal relationship that is essential for
the therapist and client, this way change will be noticed. Showing
vulnerability and realness as a therapist, the client will build trust and would
start to open up and reciprocate the behavior.

            According
to the Person-centered theory, the therapist’s need to show acceptance,
empathy, and congruence are essential for change in the client. Instead of
seeing the client and giving them the way of their problems, I would put myself
in their shoes and enter their world to have a better understanding on the task
at hand. By showing support, kindness, and understanding, the client will be
able to let down their wall and dig out issues making the therapeutic process
successful.

Expectations of Client

            Clients go to therapy when they feel
that there is something “off” in their life that they need a professional to
help them feel themselves again. “One reason clients
seek therapy is a feeling of basic helplessness, powerlessness, and an
inability to make decisions or effectively direct their own lives.” (Curtis,
2010) As the therapeutic sessions move onward, the clients start to discover
features and characteristics about themselves that was hidden within. When the
client starts feeling good about them, seeing positive results with their
attitude and behavior, they start to feel less defensive and are open to their
experiences. As they are in a healthier state, they start to show a more
understanding and are able to accept and perceive others. The clients will then
behave in way that is true to them. They will take charge and initiative in
their life, looking out for themselves and making their own right decisions.
With this theory, it will allow them to grow and prosper as a person
emotionally, psychologically, and physically. 

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