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TITLE : The Principal Effects and Causes of Deforestation of Rainforests CLASS : AW 3 NAME : Azizahtun Aimanhusna binti Sabani STUDENT ID : 023 TEACHER : Mr.

Gerard Brennan       The Principal Effects andCauses of Deforestation of RainforestsDeforestationis the clearing or removal of a forest or area of trees in order to use theland for other activities. Deforestation is a critical as no country in theworld has succeeded in tackling the issue perfectly, despite the never-endingefforts made. The long-lasting effects of thismatter are indeed, enormously negative, therefore it is pivotal for humans toexplore the wide variety of effects and causes of deforestation of rainforestsworldwide. This essay will explore the effect of population rate, logging, andagricultural activities towards deforestation. Next, we will be examining thelink between the three causes with loss of species, land quality, andindigenous people.  Population growth is a significant causeof deforestation, in which a high density of people in certain areas results inland shortages. When land supply is limited, people have no other choice thanexploiting another area of land by cutting off trees in the forests.

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There isalso a linkage between the number citizens and the demand for food and otherraw resources. As the population rise, people will demand for more food inorder to survive. Consequently, people are desperate to convert forests intoagricultural land to cater for their basic needs. On the other hand,urbanization is one of the vital cause deforestation for the reason thatmigrant families are forced to move out of their residential areas, as a resultof high population densities (Anon, 2012).

 A theory that is believed to be acontributor to deforestation is the conduct of commercial logging by firms. Thisis caused by today, developing countries are yet to develop national consensuson ways to unravel the issue of rainforests, and this is definitely a concernfor environmental activists. Unnecessary political disorganization also leadsto various corruptions among high-rank officials, and violation of humanrights. Devastating reports on illegal loggers continuously harming forestrangers and indigenous people are also a fact that one should not ignore(Golden and Miller, 1994).

In the race to gain as many profit as possible, firmsselfishly cut off trees in tropical forests despite the limit set bygovernments. Firms perform logging to get high quality wood such as mahoganyand rosewood, which then will be produced to be building materials andfurniture (McDonald, 2008). The final cause of deforestation iscommercial agriculture, and this is what triggers further destruction offorests. Expansions of roads and other infrastructures meant for miningattracts farmers and ranchers.

The existence of these infrastructures makesforests more accessible to the public. Subsequently, farmers and ranchers startexploring the forests, clearing the land, and settled there to conductagricultural activities. Commercial agriculture includes tea, rubber and oilplantation. In fact, farmers in South East Asia clear almost 5,000 squarekilometers per year (Golden and Miller, 1994). Concerning the increasing demandof agro-industrial crop, agricultural activities in the forests are not expectedto slow down in the near future. Consumer demand encourages producers toproduce even more because they are aware of the fact that prices will hike. Thoughthere is endless debate over the rate of deforestation and its implications,researchers as a whole agree that the growth of the human population and theeconomic factors are largely responsible.

Theresults of the stated activities were immediate, posing harm to the ecosystem,land quality, and indigenous people.  First, it is known that deforestationdestroys natural habitats and species. Relatively, when the habitats aredestroyed, living things in forests are at the risk of extinction. One study, which assumed aconservative total of 2 million species living exclusively in the tropical rainforests, estimates that between 4000 and 6000 species a year are currentlybeing driven to extinction (Wilson, 1989). This may cause a loss of a varietyof species needed to create resistant crops, which in the end will benefithuman.

Moreover, tropical species are excellent sources of medicinal drugs.Currently, the top five species that is believed to cure disease is sufferingbecause of destruction in their habitats. Some plants, on the other hand,provide substitutes for diesel.

An example of this is the Copaifera tree species (Pakenham, 2005). If these trees arepreserved, humankind will not have to worry about the limited resourcesavailable to date.  Second,slash and burn method degrades the quality of soil. The soil gets infertile,thus making it unsuitable for farming. As a result, farmers may move to anotherdeforested area to ‘start fresh’.

Lands are often used for a short period oftime, and it cannot support intensive agriculture anymore (Stenstrup, 2009).Additionally, tremendous deforestation results into the failure of soil supportthat was supposed to be from trees’ roots. When the soils is not supported orhold, this leads to horrible mudslides and flooding (Goldenand Miller, 1994).These disasters are seen to harm not only the species in forests, but also athreat to human’s lives.  Inaddition, massive deforestation destroys the homelands of indigenous people,especially in the Amazon. Indigenous people, in this context, are those wholive in rainforests by depending on natural species.

Obviously, their wellbeingis under threat. Statistics showed that an average of 4.5 million indigenouspeople used to live in rainforests, but to date only 500,000 of them are left. Asif damaging their homeland is not bad enough, Awá tribe in the Amazon were distressed whenthey found out that armed loggers have been killing their children andfamilies. Hired gunmen are said to be killing any of the Awá tribe who stood inthe way of loggers (Chamberlain, 2012). The loss of food resources and disrespectingthe culture are impudent consequences from the acts of the unlawful loggers.

Itis clear that deforestation is raising threat to the endangered tribes in theworld. Toconclude, the event of high population, logging, and agriculture is undoubtedlycatastrophic: habitats of various species and indigenous people as well as theconditions of land are projected to cause more harm than good. It is vital thatgovernments play their roles in solving this issue without unnecessarybureaucracy. Conceivably, greater awareness and care for forests could be alarge contributor to the society and environment.  References.Anon,(2012). Why Population Matters to Forests. online Available at:https://pai.

org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/PAI-1293-FORESTS_compressed.pdf Accessed13 Jan. 2018.

Chamberlain,G. (2012). ‘They’re killing us’: world’s most endangered tribe criesfor help. online The Guardian. Available at:https://www.

theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/22/brazil-rainforest-awa-endangered-tribeAccessed 13 Jan. 2018.Golden,A.

and Miller, M. (1994). Reprintedin Global Resources: Opposing Viewpoints(1998) from San Diego Union-Tribune, Feb.2. Pp. 47-53McDonald,K. (2008).

 Extensive Reading for Academic Success. San Antonio, TX:Compass Publishing, p.60.Pakenham,K.

(2005). Making Connections: a strategic approach to academic reading.2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.

205-207.Stenstrup,A. (2009). Diminishing Resources: Forests. Greensboro, N.C.

: MorganReynolds Publishing, pp.63-75.          

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