TITLE With the observation , we see what

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TITLE : SUMMARIZATION OF
THREE DATA COLLECTION TECHNIQUES

STUDENT NAME : RAJASHEKAR
PERALA

UNIVERSITY NAME :
UNIVERSITY OF THE CUMBERLANDS

COURSE NAME : ANALYZYING
AND VISUALING DATA

COURSE NUMBER : ITS530

PROFESSOR NAME : DEXTER
FRANCIS

DATE : 01/28/2018

 

 

 

Gathering of information
is the most essential piece of any exploration venture as the achievement or
disappointment of the undertaking is reliant upon the precision of the
information. Utilization of wrong techniques for information accumulation or any
incorrectness in gathering information can have noteworthy effect on the
aftereffects of an investigation and may prompt outcomes that are not
legitimate. There are numerous systems of information accumulation along a
continuum and perception and talking are two of the well known techniques on
this continuum that has quantitative strategies toward one side while
subjective techniques at the opposite end. In spite of the fact that there are
numerous likenesses in these three strategies and they fill a similar
fundamental need, there are contrasts that will be featured in this article.

I am going to compare and
contrast 3 data collection techniques namely :

Interviews , Observations
& Surveys

Observations:

Observation , as the name
suggests alludes to circumstances where members are seen from a sheltered
separation and their exercises are recorded minutely. It is a tedious technique
for information gathering as you may not get the coveted conditions that are
required for your examination and you may need to hold up till members are in
the circumstance you need them to be in. Exemplary cases of perception are
untamed life analysts who sit tight for the creatures of winged animals to be
in a characteristic living space and carry on in circumstances that they need
to center upon. As a technique for information gathering, observation has
impediments however delivers exact outcomes as members are unconscious of being
intently investigated and act normally. With the observation , we see what the
people do . This is done to make it unlikely that the actions we observe are
staged or deceptive . The analysis of the data collected after the  observation is the most difficult to analyze
, because there will be so much data

The pros of a Observation
data collection method are as follows :

Setting is natural ,
flexible and unconstructed

Can actively participate

Can be combined with a
variety of other data collection methods

Generates relevant ,
quantifiable data

On the other hand the
cons of the Observation data collection method are as follows :

Requires skilled observer

Not realistic with for
use with large groups

The evaluator has less
control over the situation in the natural environment

Observations cannot be
generalized to entire population unless a plan for representatives is developed

Interviewing :

Interviewing  is another extraordinary method of information
gathering and it includes making inquiries to find coordinate solutions. These interviews
could be it is possible that coordinated, as polls, or the later type of asking
assessments through web. Be that as it may, there are restrictions of meeting
as members may not think of genuine or fair answers relying on security level
of the inquiries. Despite the fact that they endeavor to be straightforward, there
is a component of lie in answers that can twist aftereffects of the task.

The Pros for Interview Data
collection technique can be stated as follows :

High rate of clarity

High response rate

Able to gather high-response
rate

Easier to reach those who
are considered unreachable

May be easier to reach
specific individuals

More personalized approach

Easier to ask open-ended
questions

While the cons for
Interview data collection data technique are as :

Reactive affect

Expensive

Requires strong interview
skills

Slowest method of data
collection technique and analysis

Respsonses may be less honest
and thoughtful

Interviewer should go  to location of respondent

May reach only smaller
sample

Difficult to analyze and
quantify results

 

Surveys :

We should choose surveys
if we want to learn about a general trend in people’s opinions, experiences and
behavior . Surveys are particularly useful to find small amounts of information
from a wider section of people in the hopes of making a general claim. When
conducting a survey we need to focus on 
Survey creation , survey testing , survey sampling and distributing your
survey

The pros of a Survey Data
collection method are as follows :

Standardization

Easy to do with a large
group

Ease of administration

Can be inexpensive

Can provide an opportunity
for many people to be involved in the decision making process

On the other side of the
coin , the cons of survey data collection method are as follows :

Prone to error

More expensive

Samples must be carefully
selected to ensure statistical meaning

Time consuming compared
with less formal methods

Tendency for scope of the
data to be limited

 

 

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