TITLE : SUMMARIZATION OFTHREE DATA COLLECTION TECHNIQUESSTUDENT NAME : RAJASHEKARPERALAUNIVERSITY NAME :UNIVERSITY OF THE CUMBERLANDSCOURSE NAME : ANALYZYINGAND VISUALING DATACOURSE NUMBER : ITS530PROFESSOR NAME : DEXTERFRANCISDATE : 01/28/2018 Gathering of informationis the most essential piece of any exploration venture as the achievement ordisappointment of the undertaking is reliant upon the precision of theinformation. Utilization of wrong techniques for information accumulation or anyincorrectness in gathering information can have noteworthy effect on theaftereffects of an investigation and may prompt outcomes that are notlegitimate. There are numerous systems of information accumulation along acontinuum and perception and talking are two of the well known techniques onthis continuum that has quantitative strategies toward one side whilesubjective techniques at the opposite end. In spite of the fact that there arenumerous likenesses in these three strategies and they fill a similarfundamental need, there are contrasts that will be featured in this article.I am going to compare andcontrast 3 data collection techniques namely : Interviews , Observations& SurveysObservations: Observation , as the namesuggests alludes to circumstances where members are seen from a shelteredseparation and their exercises are recorded minutely.
It is a tedious techniquefor information gathering as you may not get the coveted conditions that arerequired for your examination and you may need to hold up till members are inthe circumstance you need them to be in. Exemplary cases of perception areuntamed life analysts who sit tight for the creatures of winged animals to bein a characteristic living space and carry on in circumstances that they needto center upon. As a technique for information gathering, observation hasimpediments however delivers exact outcomes as members are unconscious of beingintently investigated and act normally.
With the observation , we see what thepeople do . This is done to make it unlikely that the actions we observe arestaged or deceptive . The analysis of the data collected after the observation is the most difficult to analyze, because there will be so much data The pros of a Observationdata collection method are as follows : Setting is natural ,flexible and unconstructedCan actively participate Can be combined with avariety of other data collection methodsGenerates relevant ,quantifiable dataOn the other hand thecons of the Observation data collection method are as follows : Requires skilled observerNot realistic with foruse with large groupsThe evaluator has lesscontrol over the situation in the natural environment Observations cannot begeneralized to entire population unless a plan for representatives is developedInterviewing : Interviewing is another extraordinary method of informationgathering and it includes making inquiries to find coordinate solutions. These interviewscould be it is possible that coordinated, as polls, or the later type of askingassessments through web. Be that as it may, there are restrictions of meetingas members may not think of genuine or fair answers relying on security levelof the inquiries. Despite the fact that they endeavor to be straightforward, thereis a component of lie in answers that can twist aftereffects of the task.
The Pros for Interview Datacollection technique can be stated as follows : High rate of clarityHigh response rateAble to gather high-responserateEasier to reach those whoare considered unreachableMay be easier to reachspecific individualsMore personalized approachEasier to ask open-endedquestions While the cons forInterview data collection data technique are as :Reactive affectExpensiveRequires strong interviewskillsSlowest method of datacollection technique and analysisRespsonses may be less honestand thoughtfulInterviewer should go to location of respondent May reach only smallersampleDifficult to analyze andquantify results Surveys :We should choose surveysif we want to learn about a general trend in people’s opinions, experiences andbehavior . Surveys are particularly useful to find small amounts of informationfrom a wider section of people in the hopes of making a general claim. Whenconducting a survey we need to focus on Survey creation , survey testing , survey sampling and distributing yoursurveyThe pros of a Survey Datacollection method are as follows :StandardizationEasy to do with a largegroupEase of administrationCan be inexpensiveCan provide an opportunityfor many people to be involved in the decision making processOn the other side of thecoin , the cons of survey data collection method are as follows :Prone to errorMore expensiveSamples must be carefullyselected to ensure statistical meaningTime consuming comparedwith less formal methodsTendency for scope of thedata to be limited