We hip hop, it is really only a

We
can find hip-hop everywhere we go, from streets to shopping mall, from Brazil
to France and even Japan have their own hip-hop culture. Where does hip-hop
come from?

Hip
hop is a cultural movement that involves various forms of artistic and musical
expression. This includes DJing, spoken word/poetry, graffiti, beat boxing,
rapping, fashion and break dancing. Each element has played a distinctive role
in developing this movement’s reputation.  In the United States as well as in many parts
of the world, it is often assumed that hip hop is just rap music. However,
while rap is a major part of what we define today as hip hop, it is really only
a subset of a larger cultural lifestyle. Hip-hop music also called rap music,
is one of the popular music genre developed in the United States in worldwide.
It consists of strong rhythm and usually comes with rapping.

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History

Centuries
ago, in West Africa, traditional storytellers played musical instruments while
they were telling stories. When this tradition traveled from West Africa to the
USA, it developed into different musical styles. For example, blues and jazz.
These styles all started in poor African-American areas. And in the 1970s,
there were many poor areas in New York. There wasn’t any money for music
lessons in schools, so kids made their own music. African teenagers and DJ here
played their records outside in the streets.

On
August 11, 1973, a DJ named Kool Herc threw a birthday party for his sister in
the Boogie Down Bronx. Instead of playing a full song, he played in breaks,
sections, where he found out the people, would go high: “I was noticing people
used to wait for particular parts of the record to dance, maybe to do their
specialty moves.” Using two turntables, he extended the instrumental breaks,
allowing people to dance longer, a dancing style that came to be known as
breaking. Next came to the MC, or the master of ceremony, who added rhymes over
the beats to get the party going and flowing. Since then, Hip-Hop culture was
born and raised. In the years since DJ Kool Herc’s first party, hip-hop culture
has become a major force in music, dance, art, fashion, and whole lot more.

 

Hip-Hop as a culture

Hip-Hop
as a culture, is more than music. In 1982, hip-hop group “Grandmaster Flash and
the Furious Five” release a song called “The message”, which is the first
outstanding hip-hop song that delivers social commentary rather than the
self-congratulatory boasting or party chants of earlier hip-hop. In the song he
describes the harsh realities of living in the ghetto or city slums. “Broken
glass everywhere, People pissing on the stairs, you know they just don’t care,
I can’t take the smell, I can’t take the noise, Got no money to move out, I
guess I got no choice.”  A similar song
was released by Slick Rick entitled, “Hey Young World,” in which the artist
warns the youth about society leading them down the wrong roads in life.
“Here’s a rule for the non cool… your life, don’t drool. Don’t be a fool like
those that don’t go to school. Get ahead… and accomplish things. You’ll see
the wonder and the joy life brings.”

Over
the past three decades, Hip Hop has influenced and boosted the United States,
passing on from generation to generation and providing a voice to a group of
people trying to deliver the message. Opponents of hip-hop culture believe that
the music is intrinsically aggressive and promotes social rebellion – yet the
provocative lyrics do not deny that hip-hop is the vocal outlet of many in the
United States. Hip Hop provides a platform for MCs and rappers to express their
views on the decades-long treatment of society, government and African
Americans in the United States. This way out is crucial to the revitalization
of the black community and benefit to the entire community.

Although
Hip Hop is popular in the United States, there is still a strong voice that Hip
Hop promoting violence, sex, and drugs, aggression, vulgarity and more. One
argument is that the hip-hop community is means of combating social upheaval
rather than a credible method of productive social restraint. This argument
attempts to undermine the intentions of the hip-hop and its effects. There are
many arguments against hip-hop. However, they still cannot stop the trends of
Hip-Hop as a cultural affectation, especially in black and other marginalized
community. Music, not only hip-hop music, in some situation, are not just
entertainment tools but also a powerful technique that can be used to raise
social awareness. Music reveals trends, value, social issues at the time, and
inspiring people for the good desire. Very few people know that hip-hop music
has also been instrumental in promoting positive themes such as anti-violence
and raising awareness about poverty and the importance of education.  The vast majority of pioneers in the hip hop
industry have been African-American and Latino. Both of these groups have
historically been disproportionately affected by poverty in the United States.
With nowhere else to turn, many decided to use rap, spoken word, dance and
graffiti as their outlet to deal with this issue. Therefore, Hip-hop music, in
this case, become a social revolution of marginalized groups that expose the
social conflict at that time such as poverty, discrimination, and
disempowerment… “Traditionally oppressed groups are able to use the music to
convey their plight and circumstances, and in that way rebel against both
overtly and covertly oppressive conventionalities within that
society.”(Kathleen 2016)

Development
of hip-hop

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