Wecan find hip-hop everywhere we go, from streets to shopping mall, from Brazilto France and even Japan have their own hip-hop culture. Where does hip-hopcome from?Hiphop is a cultural movement that involves various forms of artistic and musicalexpression. This includes DJing, spoken word/poetry, graffiti, beat boxing,rapping, fashion and break dancing. Each element has played a distinctive rolein developing this movement’s reputation. In the United States as well as in many partsof the world, it is often assumed that hip hop is just rap music.
However,while rap is a major part of what we define today as hip hop, it is really onlya subset of a larger cultural lifestyle. Hip-hop music also called rap music,is one of the popular music genre developed in the United States in worldwide.It consists of strong rhythm and usually comes with rapping.
HistoryCenturiesago, in West Africa, traditional storytellers played musical instruments whilethey were telling stories. When this tradition traveled from West Africa to theUSA, it developed into different musical styles. For example, blues and jazz.
These styles all started in poor African-American areas. And in the 1970s,there were many poor areas in New York. There wasn’t any money for musiclessons in schools, so kids made their own music. African teenagers and DJ hereplayed their records outside in the streets.OnAugust 11, 1973, a DJ named Kool Herc threw a birthday party for his sister inthe Boogie Down Bronx.
Instead of playing a full song, he played in breaks,sections, where he found out the people, would go high: “I was noticing peopleused to wait for particular parts of the record to dance, maybe to do theirspecialty moves.” Using two turntables, he extended the instrumental breaks,allowing people to dance longer, a dancing style that came to be known asbreaking. Next came to the MC, or the master of ceremony, who added rhymes overthe beats to get the party going and flowing. Since then, Hip-Hop culture wasborn and raised. In the years since DJ Kool Herc’s first party, hip-hop culturehas become a major force in music, dance, art, fashion, and whole lot more. Hip-Hop as a cultureHip-Hopas a culture, is more than music.
In 1982, hip-hop group “Grandmaster Flash andthe Furious Five” release a song called “The message”, which is the firstoutstanding hip-hop song that delivers social commentary rather than theself-congratulatory boasting or party chants of earlier hip-hop. In the song hedescribes the harsh realities of living in the ghetto or city slums. “Brokenglass everywhere, People pissing on the stairs, you know they just don’t care,I can’t take the smell, I can’t take the noise, Got no money to move out, Iguess I got no choice.” A similar songwas released by Slick Rick entitled, “Hey Young World,” in which the artistwarns the youth about society leading them down the wrong roads in life.
“Here’s a rule for the non cool… your life, don’t drool. Don’t be a fool likethose that don’t go to school.
Get ahead… and accomplish things. You’ll seethe wonder and the joy life brings.” Overthe past three decades, Hip Hop has influenced and boosted the United States,passing on from generation to generation and providing a voice to a group ofpeople trying to deliver the message. Opponents of hip-hop culture believe thatthe music is intrinsically aggressive and promotes social rebellion – yet theprovocative lyrics do not deny that hip-hop is the vocal outlet of many in theUnited States.
Hip Hop provides a platform for MCs and rappers to express theirviews on the decades-long treatment of society, government and AfricanAmericans in the United States. This way out is crucial to the revitalizationof the black community and benefit to the entire community. AlthoughHip Hop is popular in the United States, there is still a strong voice that HipHop promoting violence, sex, and drugs, aggression, vulgarity and more. Oneargument is that the hip-hop community is means of combating social upheavalrather than a credible method of productive social restraint.
This argumentattempts to undermine the intentions of the hip-hop and its effects. There aremany arguments against hip-hop. However, they still cannot stop the trends ofHip-Hop as a cultural affectation, especially in black and other marginalizedcommunity.
Music, not only hip-hop music, in some situation, are not justentertainment tools but also a powerful technique that can be used to raisesocial awareness. Music reveals trends, value, social issues at the time, andinspiring people for the good desire. Very few people know that hip-hop musichas also been instrumental in promoting positive themes such as anti-violenceand raising awareness about poverty and the importance of education. The vast majority of pioneers in the hip hopindustry have been African-American and Latino.
Both of these groups havehistorically been disproportionately affected by poverty in the United States.With nowhere else to turn, many decided to use rap, spoken word, dance andgraffiti as their outlet to deal with this issue. Therefore, Hip-hop music, inthis case, become a social revolution of marginalized groups that expose thesocial conflict at that time such as poverty, discrimination, anddisempowerment… “Traditionally oppressed groups are able to use the music toconvey their plight and circumstances, and in that way rebel against bothovertly and covertly oppressive conventionalities within thatsociety.”(Kathleen 2016)Developmentof hip-hop