Wildfires photosynthesis. Trees are important in the regulation

Wildfires can be caused by natural disasters, human activities, or human errors. A massive wildfire can be started by something as simple as used fire logs from campers. These little things can lead to devastating wildfires and an enormous amount of air pollution. Massive fires can also lead to extinction of certain plants and species.C- Background Carbon Dioxide emissions are destroying earth’s environment, minute by minute. Humans play a big part in the addition to the carbon in the air. Every car on the road produces carbon dioxide into the air, as well as the factories worked in, also release carbon dioxide. However, nature also contributes to the increase of carbon dioxide. Wildfires are an attribute to greenhouse gas in the air that is almost uncontrollable by humans. When acres of land is burned, the smoke releases carbon dioxide into the air. Carbon Dioxide takes over the oxygen levels that humans need in order to live and breath. Carbon Dioxide is a gas that is absorbed from the air through plants during the process of photosynthesis. Trees are important in the regulation of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. A newspaper article, The New York Times, states, “Wildfires also release carbon dioxide, one of the main drivers of climate change, and reduce the number of trees available to absorb carbon dioxide, a double whammy for the atmosphere” (Schlossberg). Trees and forests help maintain the level of this gas, by releasing oxygen and absorbing carbon dioxide. Unfortunately, wildfires interrupt the receiving of carbon dioxide. When a forest catches on fire, the substance that absorbs the greenhouse gases are burned down. Not only are the wildfires releasing millions of metric tons of carbon dioxide, there is no longer a product to take in the toxic gas. Therefore, more greenhouse gases are released than absorbed, causing the atmosphere to be filled with unwanted chemicals. D- Wildfires are one of the ways that carbon dioxide is discharged, without human participation. In fact, a blog titled, The Climate Trust, mentions, “In 2015, wildfires were the second largest single source of carbon dioxide emissions in Washington State” (Spaeth). This website shows that twenty four million metric tons of carbon dioxide was released into the air just from smoke. However, Humans contribute the toxic gas,carbon dioxide, into the air as well. Everyday, millions of metric tons of this greenhouse gas is released in every country from human use. Carbon dioxide emissions are measured in parts per million or metric million ton. The United States Environmental Protection Agency states, “One part per million is equal to one water droplet diluted into about thirteen gallons of liquid.” Driving in your car releases carbon dioxide. Working in factories also release carbon dioxide into the air. Again, The United States Environmental Protection Agency shows data from two thousand fifteen. This pie chart shows the different percentages of greenhouse gases that are released in the air. Carbon Dioxide is the top emitter, with eighty two percent of the gas in the atmosphere. Methane, Nitrous Oxide, and Fluorinated gases are less than ten percent in the atmosphere. Unfortunately, this issue has been going on for centuries, without any improvement. All over the world, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere affects every living thing. The graph, shown to the right, shows the level of carbon dioxide in comparison from the past to current day. Looking at it, the level of carbon dioxide has risen greatly from the past sixty seven years. Shockingly, Nasa says, “They tell us that levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are higher than they have ever been at any time in the past four hundred thousand years.” The Carbon Dioxide level is only going to decrease if humans take action and help make a stop to the factors that create this toxic gas. G- Background Throughout the world, the atmosphere affects everyone. People breath the same air all over the world.  However, in certain areas, the air may be more polluted with toxic gases than others.  As shown in the graph to the right, the total percentage of million metric tons of carbon dioxide in the air ranges from country to country. The different factors of carbon dioxide emitters rang from country to country. However, all are affected. A source written by Johannes Friedrich and Thomas Darnassa shows the United States ranked second in the top ten countries for greenhouse gas emitters in two thousand eleven. Carbon dioxide can cause some positive effects on the environment.For example it helps plants during photosynthesis.It also helps animals with their ph level in their blood. Although too much and too little of it can cause many problems. Animals,plants,humans, and climate are affected negatively.Nasa states,”Studies have shown that higher concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide affect crops in two important ways: they boost crop yields by increasing the rate of photosynthesis, which spurs growth, and they reduce the amount of water crops lose through transpiration” (Reiny).With excess carbon dioxide the photosynthesis process goes faster. Also less water is used. Although during this process the stomata will have smaller openings.Therefore the stomata won’t open as wide.This will result in a smaller level of transpiration and will increase the water-use efficiency. Carbon dioxide for animals are good because it helps protect the ph level of their blood.Too much of Carbon dioxide though is really bad.This is because the gas can kill animals.If the amount of carbon dioxide increases or decreases the body it could lead to kidney failure or a coma.How well the carbon dioxide can decrease the amount of oxygen getting to the body of the animals.Humans need carbon dioxide for internal respiration.Too much and too little of carbon dioxide in the human body can be life threatening.An excess of carbon dioxide in the human body can cause hypercapnia.Hypercapnia is when there is too much carbon dioxide in the body.This is could result in temporary or permanent nerve damage.Also delirium, hallucinations, seizures, respiratory failure, coma or death.”(Callahan )Very little carbon dioxide in the body could cause respiratory failure.Respiratory failure is when a small amount  of  oxygen passes from your lungs into your blood or when the lungs can’t properly remove carbon dioxide. This would cause a low oxygen level or high carbon dioxide level,or both in the body.

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