Joel Nchinney Dimla
The hurricane Katrina of 2005 cursed a
devastating damage and unpleasant memories to the worst hit victims and their
families. Jackson, Hancock, and Harrison are counties in Mississippi; the
devastating impact was felt more by these three counties. In handling or salvage
the situation in Mississippi, I will prefer to use strategies such as planning
before the disaster and the use of ICT technologies for effective
communications from victims to outside world or from families to victims.
Disaster sometime may come unannounced,
so planning for unforeseen or seen disaster is one of the best options,
government agencies such as; the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and
the Red Cross most take as utmost importance. Planning in this situation helps
to handle disaster more or almost accurately. Also in carrying out these plans,
effective training must be given to every disaster management agencies.
One other very important strategies I
will use in these situations is the use of ICT technologies for effective
communications, because almost every disaster comes with a devastating loss of
life and properties, in most cases during a disaster, there is usually loss of
communication between the victims and the various emergency agencies or even
from victims to the members of their families. The use of ICT can also help to
reduce life and properties, most time, before or during the crisis there is
usually loss of power supply (electricity), disconnection of telephone services
and mobile phones services are common.
The telephones or mobile phones are usually not connected due to the
network disconnection or they appear to be congested because of so much traffic
on the network. (Bejuri, W.M, Yaakob W & Mohamad, M. 2015). In order to
have a robust, infective and reliable communication during or after a disaster,
it is of utmost importance that the short-wave radio is used as one of the
alternative means of communications during a disaster.
Plans to Alabama or Louisiana
The elements of the plans for Alabama and
Louisiana is for the installation or the use of Short-wave radio, it will be pretty
good to install this ICT technology or equipment in both ends of the disaster-prone
region and the possible disaster free region, the use of the short-wave radio
is important because during disaster telephones or mobile phones are most time
disconnected due to the ravaging force of wind that affects the network.
radio has the capability to work in a long range, using the radio waves
method to communicate. Anyone with the proper knowledge can hear the
communications made via short-wave; this is possible because of the nature of
radio wave propagation. Also, because of the reliance of short-wave radio
communication equipment only on electrical power (i.e. which are gotten via
solar, batteries, and other alternative means) and Earth’s ionosphere,
which is right for some of the worst case emergency scenarios, (Bejuri,
W.M, Yaakob W & Mohamad, M. 2015). It is also a technology that can resist
disaster, by way of transmitting some equipment several kilometres away from
the areas that suffer from total loss of information.
communication, the issue of language barrier needs to be considered. The
various disaster agencies need to be familiar with the cultural background of
the victims, as stated in the ethical standard for human services professionals
that, “Human service professionals are knowledgeable about their cultures
and communities within which they practice” (NOHS, 2015).
Bejuri, W.M, Yaakob W &
Mohamad, M (2015). A Proposal for Emergency Rescue Location (ERL) using
Optimization of Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) based Pedestrian Simultaneously
Localization and Mapping (SLAM).
National Organization for Human Services
(NOHS). (n.d). Ethical Standards for
Human Services Professionals: National Organization for Human Services adopted
2015. Retrieved 06 June 2017 from http://www.nationalhumanservices.org/ethical-standards-for-hs-professionals