World Kidney Day is a worldwide campaign which helpsto increase attention for risk factors, preventive measures and how to reduce the occurrence of the diseaseand the symptoms. Kidney disease& obesityObesity is an excessive fat accumulation that has anadverse effect on health. In 2014, globally over 600 million adults were obese.Obesity is a common risk factor known to increasekidney disease risk. It increases the major risk factors of Chronic KidneyDisease (CKD), such as hypertension and diabetes, and it is related with thedevelopment of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD).
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a gradually loss inkidney function. Each kidney has approximately a million filters, known asnephrons. When a nephron is damaged, then the nephron stops working. Healthynephrons can work harder, but for a while. If the damage persists, more andmore nephrons stop working. After a certain level, the nephrons that are leftcannot filter your blood properly. The kidneys of adults who are obese have to workharder.
They filter more blood than normal (hyperfiltration) in order to meetthe increased metabolic needs. Hyperfiltration can cause loss in kidney function and increase thepossibility to develop CKD.Obesity and CKD are largely preventable. Awareness ofthe risks factors of obesity, healthy nutrition and exercise, can help toprevent obesity and kidney disease. This year World Kidney Day aims to increase attentionabout the adverse consequences of obesity and its association with kidneydisease and how to prevent the health problems of this disease. The relation between kidney disease and obesityObese people including those who suffer from diabetesand hypertension, are more likely to develop kidney disease. By 2025, obesity will affect globally 21% of women and18% of men.
In many countries, obese adults are more than one-third of the totalpopulation. Obesity can lead to death and it is related with many other diseases suchas diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, fatty liver, mental disorders, highcholesterol and poor quality of life.Many studies show that obesity is a high risk factorfor the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease(ESRD). People who are overweight, have 2 to 7 more chances todevelop end-stage renal disease, in comparison with normal weight people.Obesity can leadto Chronic Kidney Disease both indirectly and directly.
Obesity can lead to CKD by increasing,hypertension, type 2 diabetes and heart disease, and also by increasing the kidney’sworkload respectively.Losing weight mayslow down or reverse Chronic Kidney Disease. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is asudden loss of kidney function, in the majority of the cases AKI lasts for a short period oftime and maybe reversed once the cause has been treated, but it can also cause long-lastinghealth problems. People who are overweight have more chances to develop AKI incomparison with normal weight people