World Kidney Day is a worldwide campaign which helps
to increase attention for risk factors, preventive measures and how to reduce the occurrence of the disease
and the symptoms.
Obesity is an excessive fat accumulation that has an
adverse effect on health. In 2014, globally over 600 million adults were obese.
Obesity is a common risk factor known to increase
kidney disease risk. It increases the major risk factors of Chronic Kidney
Disease (CKD), such as hypertension and diabetes, and it is related with the
development of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD).
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a gradually loss in
kidney function. Each kidney has approximately a million filters, known as
nephrons. When a nephron is damaged, then the nephron stops working. Healthy
nephrons can work harder, but for a while. If the damage persists, more and
more nephrons stop working. After a certain level, the nephrons that are left
cannot filter your blood properly.
The kidneys of adults who are obese have to work
harder. They filter more blood than normal (hyperfiltration) in order to meet
the increased metabolic needs. Hyperfiltration can cause loss in kidney function and increase the
possibility to develop CKD.
Obesity and CKD are largely preventable. Awareness of
the risks factors of obesity, healthy nutrition and exercise, can help to
prevent obesity and kidney disease.
This year World Kidney Day aims to increase attention
about the adverse consequences of obesity and its association with kidney
disease and how to prevent the health problems of this disease.
The relation between kidney disease and obesity
Obese people including those who suffer from diabetes
and hypertension, are more likely to develop kidney disease.
By 2025, obesity will affect globally 21% of women and
18% of men. In many countries, obese adults are more than one-third of the total
Obesity can lead to death and it is related with many other diseases such
as diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, fatty liver, mental disorders, high
cholesterol and poor quality of life.
Many studies show that obesity is a high risk factor
for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease
People who are overweight, have 2 to 7 more chances to
develop end-stage renal disease, in comparison with normal weight people.
Obesity can lead
to Chronic Kidney Disease both indirectly and directly. Obesity can lead to CKD by increasing,
hypertension, type 2 diabetes and heart disease, and also by increasing the kidney’s
Losing weight may
slow down or reverse Chronic Kidney Disease.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a
sudden loss of kidney function, in the majority of the cases AKI lasts for a short period of
time and maybe reversed once the cause has been treated, but it can also cause long-lasting
health problems. People who are overweight have more chances to develop AKI in
comparison with normal weight people